A UNIVERSE OF COMPLEMENTARY SYSTEMS OF ENERGY AND INFORMATION
‘The why is what Physicists should never ask’. Feynman
‘Complexity will be the science of the XXI c.’ S. Hawking
‘ I would like to know the thoughts of God the rest are details’ Einstein
At the heart of this matter of CERN in search of the ‘ultimate form of matter’ there is a question about knowledge and the audiovisual, machine-mediated civilization we live in: What is deep knowledge? The description and pictures of the shallow how of things, with data, magnified by industrial profits and pictures in space – the evident truth; or the understanding of the causes and logic relationships in time between all beings, its inner parts and outer ecosystems – the hidden truth, from where reality is born?
CERN and his particle/equation of God, the Higgs, and physics at large, as the science of motion and machines represents the first option, increasingly the only concept of knowledge as we become more dependent on our computers form of thinking, our instrumental capacity to collect data, and our minds simplify in a audiovisual world illustrated by pictures.
But the purpose of mankind and everything else in the Universe is not to ‘see’ with machines reality and describe it with mechanical clocks and measures, but it is a biological purpose ‘to exist’.
This other question of knowledge, why things exist and become extinct, how they are created and assembly themselves into ever more complex systems, how they emerge into ‘being’, in brief the whys of reality is what General Systems, the alternative philosophy of science to the mechanist, reductionist, measure-seeking physical analysis of the Universe provides.
I. THE PROGRAM OF THE UNIVERSE: TO EXI=ST
Foreword: the whys of existence.
A deeper explanation of this work considers the meaning of knowledge and what questions it must answer to exhaust the study of a certain subject. In journalism we ask what, who, how, when and why.
The evolution of science implies big shifts in the paradigms, languages and philosophical dogmas we use to understand the Universe. In the evolution of science we observed first ‘what’ (experience) and then asked ‘who’. It was the mythic age of science, the first paradigm of knowledge – when an anthropomorphic being, often a god was the cause of all events.
Then the Greeks used reason to ask the what (experience) and how of things, its causes and consequences. It was the 2nd paradigm of knowledge: logic thought.
The 3rd paradigm started by Galileo with his use of machines (clocks and telescopes), responded to when, measuring space distances and time frequencies in great detail with a single space-time system. The ticks of the heart, the stomach, the moon, the atom and the clock are different, but to measure them we needed a unit of time and so we equalized all rhythms with a clock, and to compare the spatial trajectories of those cycles we needed a ‘background of space’, so we put together all the broken spaces of reality into a joined puzzle, which we called Cartesian space-time. The error of a single spacetime came when we forgot those simplifications and considered that the abstract space-time continuum of Descartes used to measure all other spaces and times was the real space-time.
The culmination of this process of mechanical measure came with quantum theory, which refined the measures of the cyclical trajectories of particles in the microscopic world and General Relativity, which refined them in the cosmological realm by correcting the deformations of those rhythms of time and distances of space caused by the limits of speed of our light-based Universe.
In philosophical terms, the paradigm of measure meant the birth of mechanism, the fundamental philosophy of our world today: the machine – no longer man, an organism – became the ‘measure of all things’. This was a simplification, as today we realize that machines merely imitate our organs of energy and information with networks of metal-atoms (so a crane is an energetic arm of metal and a chip an informative brain of metal), which now we fusion into ‘organic’ robots. And so the change of paradigm from the Greek, Aristotelian and Asian tradition of organicism to mechanism is only a hiatus on a richer, more complex understanding of the whys of the Universe.
Mechanism changed also the language of understanding of the Universe, from Aristotelian Logic to mathematical Platonism, since mathematics was the language used by machines to measure the Universe of time and space with clocks and telescopes; while logic was the language embedded in the syntax of words, which measure time with causal verbs that describe the logic relationships between its 3 dimensions of past, present and future. So in terms of philosophy of science, mechanism meant a pendulum law that changed the paradigm from Aristotle (organic, temporal causality) to Plato (mechanical, spatial geometry). This was a wrong choice, because a truly inclusive theory of reality has to put together both languages and approaches as we shall do in this work: the geometric how & instrumental when matched by a temporal why, which must be by definition a causal, temporal process. The 3rd paradigm obsessed by spatial measure was not very kin of such inquire, as Feynman famously put it: ‘the why is the only thing a physicist never asks’. And yet the why has always been a fundamental question of knowledge.
That why should respond to the existence of a program of ‘evolution’, creation and extinction of the deterministic reality that we see all around us, which always gives birth and extinguishes the same entities, repeating their forms once and again. What is the purpose of the Universe and all its repeated parts? Why they have those forms and follow always a life and death cycle?
Thus, scientists, not satisfied with the limits of the 3rd paradigm of measure kept asking the why, which could not be a personal God (the who of the 1st paradigm), neither the machine, the instrument of measure of the 3rd paradigm (‘God is a clocker’ said Kepler, because he used clocks to measure it and ‘God speaks mathematics’ said Galileo, because those machines translated the events of the Universe into mathematical data).
According to Deism the whys of existence are due to a personal being, external to the Universe that makes it all happen and cares for humans more than for the rest of His work. According to Mechanism, this is due to the self-similarity between the Universe and the primitive machines we humans construct to observe it. Mechanism though needs ‘someone’ to make the machine, which is not self-generated; so it is similar to deism, reason why the founding fathers of science, all pious believers, adopted it as a proof of the existence of God, which had given man self-similar properties – the capacity to make machines to the image and likeness of the Universe. The problem with those 2 approaches, which in fact are the same is obvious: a personal God is an anthropomorphic, subjective myth and science must be objective; while a mechanical view of the Universe still needs an internal, self-sustained process of growth, creation and synchronization caused by an external God that made and rewinds the clock – as Leibniz clearly stated in his critique of Newtonnt.0.4. Scientists today are unaware that mechanist theories are in fact deist theories, reason why Kepler and Newton, pious believers, liked them; since they were a metaphor of their self-centered, anthropomorphic religious beliefs: If man created machines because we were made to the image and likeness of God, God had created the ultimate machine, the Universe.
Unfortunately such theories cannot satisfy the rational, objective, self-sufficient nature of science, as they require external myths to work. This leaves us only with a 3rd objective, scientific possibility, organicism – a more complex theory that comes of age in this work: if the why is neither God nor the machine, there is only a 3rd option in between – the organism, which is an intermediate concept; since an organism is self-sufficient as God is, yet it is part of Nature as the machine is.
Recap: The 1st paradigm of science responded to the what and who of events, with myths and anthropomorphism; the 2nd paradigm to the how; the 3rd paradigm to the when, measuring space distances and time frequencies in great detail; the 4th paradigm responds to the why of the forms of space and cycles of time that all entities of the Universe follow. That why is organic, social: the Universe is made of complementary energetic and informative, cellular networks that evolve and combine together, creating reproductive networks. And such complex systems create, new bigger, fractal networks units of a larger plane of space-time, evolving reality in scales of size that follow the same organic laws, from particles that become atoms that become molecules, cells, organisms, societies, planets, galaxies and Universes. Duality and social systems become thus the key disciplines of the 4th paradigm – the why of reality. The Universe is neither born of a personal god (1st paradigm of knowledge) or a mechanism (3rd paradigm of science) but an organic, complex system of networks of energy and information, whose self-similar parts, made to the likeness of the whole, evolve socially from its simple particles to the more complex organisms and cosmological entities.
1. The program of the Universe.
The Universe is made of two substances spatial energy and informative time. We can see it with motion as energy and time or as fixed forms, as space and information. We can see it as a single reality, as space and time, or as a multiple quanta, as energy and information. We can differentiate them by form, as space and energy are lineal or planar surfaces and time and information are cyclical. And we can see it together into beings, the simplest of which is an action of light, ext=k. And this simple duality structures all beings of the Universe. So we are made of cyclical heads and lineal bodies. Weapons are lines that release energy. Informative machines are cyclical, and all physical systems are made of lineal forces and cyclical particles of information.
1. Principles: Space-time Duality. Ternary organs and ages. 4 actions. ∞ Fractal Universes.
The integration of all sciences into a ‘whole’ was the goal of the founders of General Systems Sciences, the original name of Complexity that we prefer, as it is more descriptive.
At Macy’s the year of Einstein’s death, the highest minds of mankind came together and realized that physics had its limits and lacked despite its exhaustive understanding of Energy and motion (as that was its purpose since its inception by Galileo) a full comprehension of information, the other element of which the simplest Universe is made.
It also realized that the mechanist view was too simple and rather theological because as Leibniz put it, needed a God that started and created the mechanism. So for the future evolution of a more comprehensive theory, they considered that all the ‘systems’ of the Universe (anything that exists), there should be at least two elements, defined by their form and function, both related to each other: energy or entropy or space (any expansive motion, hence perceived as extended, planar or lineal space) and information or form or time (implosive motion, hence perceived as implosive, cyclical motion).
Let us then consider a Decalogue of this new science of sciences which derives reality from a few topological, logic, evolutionary and perceptive facts of reality:
- Duality: The space-time of the Universe is made of quanta of 2 types of motions: Lineal energy and cycles of times, whose frequency carries the information of the universe. As proved by Planck: ∑ E x I =K
- Trinity: All organic systems have a head made of cycles of times, limbs of quantum energies, combined in a body that reproduces both making this logic structure of motions to survive.
- 4-Dimensionality: Such organisms survive by performing 4 actions. Energy feeding, informative perception, reproduction and social evolution.
- Each mathematical point of view, or diffeomorphic, local entity of space-time will perceive reality from its own point of view and try to maximize its existence as a complementary system, ∑exi=k, this is achieved at points e=I and max. ∑.
- Thus all systems try to achieve Max. ∑exi=k. We call this the mandate of existence: grow in spatial energy and temporal information: ‘Grow and multiply… in balance between mind and body.’
What this meant is that all what you see is made of two type of realities lineal motion or energy and cyclical motion with more form or information. If you look at yourself, you head is spherical, cyclical. Your limbs are lineal and move. And in between you have a body that combines both forms and it is elliptic or an inverted cone, figures made of combining line and cycles.
Anywhere you look you will find all systems to have those 2 elements, energy limbs or fields in physics and cyclical heads or particles. So this is the first tenant of General Systems sciences, which describes the common laws of all systems of the Universe:
All what exists is a system made of 3 components, a field of motion, the energetic system, a head or particle that process and creates forms, the system of information.
In complexity the Universe is therefore quantic. The space-time continuum is the sum of all those spaces or motions of energy, of all the limbs and fields of energy of lineal or planar form. And time is the sum of all those cyclical motions or ‘clocks’ of all its systems.
There is not only a clock of time, our mechanical clocks, but infinite cyclical motions that happen to regulate and guide the energetic fields. So particles guide fields of energy, and heads guide limbs of energy.
This is the first ‘whole’ and its parts: a Universe of space and time is the whole. Its parts are all those quantic, lineal fields of energy and limbs and all those cyclical particles (charges, masses) and heads. The whole seems continuous and static because we integrate it in the mind’s picture. The parts seem broken and vital in motion. Both descriptions are valid. And the whole interacts with the parts.
For example, Relativity explains the whole. Quantum theory the parts, fields of energy and particles. And the whole and its laws influence its parts.
Organisms seem wholes, but then they are made of cells, of two types, informative brain neurons and somatic, body cells. And the whole influences its parts.
In General Systems Sciences, time and space are like Leibniz – the most clear predecessor of organicism – thought of them: a sum of different ‘spaces and times’ as each entity that exists has a certain vital space or body of energy that lasts a certain duration of time or life.
This brings a key duality, between Universal, ‘whole’ concepts (space and time) and particular parts (the energies and cycles of information of each part):
If space has motion and it is broken in vital spaces with extension, it is equivalent to a sum of energies. Thus space is made of ∑energies.
And if time is broken in multiple life cycles, and we consider each life cycle or duration of a complementary system a clock cycle of time, time is equivalent to all the cyclical forms or ‘in/form/ ations’ of the Universe. So time is the sum of all informations, all forms-in-action, all cyclical forms.
When we add all the informative cycles of all beings and all its ‘vital energies’, we obtain absolute time and space, which ultimately is an error of perception due to the use of a single mechanical clock.
Yet when we perceive, we also eliminate motion. And so we see space quiet, as we see the Earth quiet, despite moving along paths of gravitational energy; or your skin quiet despite being made of cellular cycles. Thus we further reduce our knowledge of the parts gathered in a whole that appears as quiet space, with a few motions that truly matter to the perceiver – of preys, predators and individuals of the same species – while the rest of reality appears as a continuous space-time, often represented in a continuous Cartesian, mathematical graph. This is natural to the limits of storage of information of any perceiver, because the brain cannot hold all the fractal motions, vital spaces, time durations of the life of all beings. So it reduces information. But this has caused grave errors in human knowledge, as we believe what we see. So science tends to reductionism, considering beings things and ignoring the laws that relate all those scales.
The inverse properties of spatial energy and temporal information.
To fully grasp the dynamic transformations and properties of energy and information the most important quality is the inversion of its properties and the possibility to transform the forms of one property into the other.
Informative time, Ti Vs. Energetic Space, ΣS
Time-clocks:Information Vs. Space motion:Lineal energy
Small, still Vs. Large, moving fast
Tall, Perpendicular Vs. Long, Parallel,
Hierarchical Vs. Democratic
Bidimensional Height Vs. Bidimensional, Length,
Repetition Vs. Width-Growth
Cyclical, Rotation, imploding Vs. Lineal, uncoiling, exploding
Informative Frequency Vs. Lineal Speed
Broken form Vs. Continuous, differentiable
Intelligent, perceptive Vs. Strong, fast.
Social, organic, creative Vs. Darwinian, destructive behavior
Future, evolved predator Vs, Past, energetic victim
Life arrow Vs. Death arrow.
Waves of space Vs. Particles of Time
Female, yin principle Vs. Male, yang principle
Masses, charges Vs. Forces, fields
Heads & senses Vs. Limbs & Bodies.
This resumes in its two fundamental equations: e x I = K, and E<=>I.
The constant transformation of one into another.
Despite their inversion, and this is the most important law of the Universe, energy and information constantly transform into each other. It is the principle of ‘conservation and transformation of energy back and forth into in/form/ation, forms in action’ which becomes the new fundamental law of the 4th paradigm, widening the principle of conservation of energy:
‘All energies, trans/form constantly back and forth into information, E<=>I’
Thus the Universe is truly an eternal infinite of beats of energy warping into dimensional form, information and informations uncoiling into spatial energy. And since both elements energy and temporal information have motion this is possible as they are truly just the two extreme types of topological motions of the Universe, each one associated to a series of ‘functions’ and ‘perceptions’:
Energy=Extension=Space= Fast motion = Lineal, planar shapes = Pleasure = Reproduction = Death
Information=Implosion=Time=Slow motion=Cyclical ball=Pain =Communication = Evolution = Life
The infinite balances and combinations of those two fields and its forms are the essence of reality.
The four actions of energy and time performed by all species.
Since all is space-time, all is energy and information; all is a sum of complementary entities of energy and information that perform 4 actions in space-time to enhance its survival:
-Energy feeding (e), information or perception of it (i), reproduction that combines both in other surface of space-time (exi) and finally social evolution, ∑exi, which as the reader can see summons up all the other arrows.
We call the composite, reproductive and evolutionary arrows, the complex arrows.
And so we can express all in the synoptic language of science with a simple equation that we call the fractal generator of the Space-time Universe: ∑exi
Since e and i are the two initial variables of reality, the program is self-evident, deduced from them and it proves itself by the experimental method (all is a complementary system of energy and information) and then by the logic of evolution: those 4 space-time arrows encompass and explain all what exists in space-time, and all actions and laws of all sciences, as the are needed to survive.
Some of those sciences need some minor corrections to adapt it to the program, but most don’t; just a translation of jargons. Because of the importance of it, I believe it will start a new paradigm of science, the paradigm of ‘whys’, that would deepen the understanding of the ‘hows’ of the present age of knowledge, based in metric measure.
We shall prove that all systems are complementary systems of energy (E) and information (I), which combine both to perform ‘actions’ in space-time (ExI); most of them tending to absorb further energy (∆E) and information (∆) or ‘combine’ both in new ‘actions’ and reproductive processes (ExI).
We call the 2 components of all systems (E and I) the simplex, primary actions-arrows of space-time, following the tradition of physical sciences; where action is their perception in space and arrow their perception in time. They are equivalent to the concept of the simplex ‘biological drives’ in biological sciences (feeding and perceiving energy and information); and the concept of ‘will’ or ‘greed’ – our desire for more energy and information, in psychology.
And we call the combination of those two primary actions/arrows/drives/wills of ‘existence’ in space and time, the complex, secondary actions/arrows: reproducing (exi) and evolving socially, when we consider a sum of those actions/arrows either in space or in time, ∑exi (spatial analysis) or ∑ e <=>∏i.
The reader will observe that since we are referring to self-similar actions/arrows/drives/wills in all scales, we need a supra-jargon and formalism to unify them all, or else we would have to make such chains of similar concepts in each scale:
– We prefer the term reproduction to its different jargons: ‘iteration’ in mathematics, ‘decoupling’ in physics, ‘reproduction’ in biology, ‘memetic creation’ in culture, and ‘production’ in economics. And we prefer the terms energy instead of space and information instead of time cycles.
– We prefer the terms existence and extinction to the terms life and death; as they are inclusive of all entities of reality.
– We most often use the term actions or time arrows instead of biological drives or will of existence. In that sense, we reduce space-time actions to the concept of time arrows as space is just a slice of the flow of cyclical time arrows that displace and change the spatial configuration of all the beings of the Universe – defined as the sum of all the cycles of time arrows of all its existential beings. Hence time includes space within it and such concept stresses a fundamental property of the Universe: all has motion and form, energy and in/form/ation.
Some key discoveries of General Systems will be difficult to overcome by mainstream science, specially physics, the oldest of all sciences and hence more prone to old errors of ‘Idols of the tribe of knowledge’ (Bacon), due to the ‘memetic=believer’ nature of the human brain, which as any system of information, reproduces its bits (genes and memes =theories), generation upon generation, regardless of its logic and experimental consistence (content of truth). The main error of classic physics concerns the nature of time as ‘what a clock measures’ (Einstein), and hence as a single time-arrow of motion. When time is any type of change and so we must define 4 arrows/actions of space-time as the fundamental types of change of all systems. Of those 4 ‘type of universal actions’; physics acknowledges only an arrow of time, entropy, the arrow of energy and motion, which is what it studies since Galileo’s analysis of the motion of weapons, and a type of clock, the mechanism constructed by him. This was all right, as long as Physics did not pretend to be the philosophy of science of all other sciences, after the importance it acquired due to the Industrial Revolution of machines, they build. So today the reductionist studies of physics concerning space-time actions-arrows, where time has been spatialized and reduced to the arrow of energetic motion as the 4th dimension of space, have become a dogma of all sciences, which hinders their understanding and the acceptance of General Systems sciences.
This goes to the extreme that physicists do not even accept information as an arrow of time, only entropy, which is an arrow deduced from studies of heat and electromagnetic forces. Fact is in physics there are two arrows/forces on the long range, energetic, expansive light and informative, attractive gravitation. And yet, memetic imprinting is so strong that still gravitation is not accepted as the informative element of our physical Universe.
Thus physics must be redone completely and simplified as Copernicus did when the sun was put in his place, with the concept of informative forces.
A second concept of enormous importance is the Paradox of Galileo: all moves even if it seems quiet. That is, time is the substance of reality, motions that change space beings and organisms along a time cycle. And since changes have different speed and life cycles different duration, time is not only multiple but has different speeds of change.
That is why we call also General systems sciences a theory of multiple spaces and times. Thus, for the physicist who is unfamiliar with the concepts of organicism and might resist them, with its mathematical, itifying perception of reality, my advice is to think of what he is going to read in terms of ‘actions of energy and time’ and the relational concepts of Leibniz, and the relativity and ‘diffeomorphic’ principles of Einstein and the Principle of Complementarity of quantum physics and its fundamental equation, e x i = K. We shall see how indeed, as ‘properties’ of a smaller scale of the fractal universe emerge in the higher scale, the principles of geometry and quantum physics emerge also into higher scales, even in the human one.
Ternary organs; 3±1 ages. Organicism is the key to the Universe.
All this said it is obvious that those 4 actions, used to define in the past the drives of biological beings, which feed, perceive, reproduce and evolve socially are now extended to all systems. Hence all what exists is in a way alive, as even the simplest quarks and electrons reproduce when they absorb energy, creating new particles. It is the ego-trip of man, who wants to be the only sentient, vital being of the Universe, specially in the Western anthropomorphic tradition, what prevents the obvious similarity of all systems in all scales of reality, to become mainstream science. The astounding thing is that the anthropomorphic scientist does not recognize the fact that a machine-like Universe requires, as Leibniz explained to Newton, a God to make it, while only organicism is self-generating and hence ‘scientific’.
But what is exactly an organism? Let us define it: An organism is a complementary system.
All what you see in reality responds to a dual structure: Entities of Nature are complementary systems of simplex networks of energy and information, which combine to form a complex system that switches and merges both states. In the process the system might reproduce an entity self-similar to itself. And this is the definition of an organism; reason why we affirm that reality is dual and organic.
In Physics all what exists are particles of information associated to energetic fields that move them, and only both together exist (Complementarity Principle), creating a physical entity, which can decouple creating self-similar particles.
In Biology cells have a DNA nucleus of information, surrounded by cellular cytoplasm that provides energy to the nucleus; or an informative head moved by an energetic body. And only both together can exist, creating a biological organism. There are no bodies without heads and red cells without nuclei die faster than any others. And cells and organisms can reproduce self-similar forms.
Finally, in the economic ecosystem money acts as the informative language that gives orders to the physical economy, which reproduces all types of serial machines.
Yet what define an organism and all systems, as organisms are 3 derived facts:
– All those complementary systems perform 4 actions that are mimetic to the 4 drives of existence of living beings (feeding, perceiving, reproducing and evolving socially).
– All complementary systems that work as independent wholes have 3 parts in space, the energy part, the information part and a ‘body’ that puts them together as a whole. And the forms and functions of those subsystems are related.
– Ternary principle in time: All systems live 3±1 ages of the life/death cycle: an energetic youth, a reproductive maturity and an old age of information, dying then in a big-bang expansion that erases its information.
RECAP: This first paragraph reduces the program of the Universe to its fundamental concepts and how through ‘logic’ we can generate all realities departing of them.
- From 1 comes 2: The Universe of space-time is the ultimate simplification of a world made of multiple actions of spatial energy and temporal information, performed by an infinite tapestry of complementary systems composed of both ‘formal motions’.
- From 2 comes 4: There are 4 actions of energy and time, each one with an internal and external, negative or positive direction: The simplex actions of energy (external motion and internal feeding). The simplex actions of time (external cyclical motion, and internal perception). And their 2 complex combinations: exi, or external ‘actions’ and internal reproductions’ and ∑exi, the fractal, social repetition of those actions, which creates external herds that feed on energy along an external network or super-organisms structured with inner networks that deliver energy and information to all its cells.
- All systems of the Universe are defined as ‘knots’ of those 4 type of actions, which are cyclical and discontinuous, as each being switches between them, trying to survive by feeding (E), perceiving (I), reproducing (ExI0 and evolving socially ∑exi. We define the central point of those knots as a P.O.V. or fractal Non-Euclidean point, the ‘aperceptive’ engine that orders the Universe. And there are infinite of them.
- The outcome of this structure is a fractal Universe, in which knots of cyclical actions become herds and super organisms, in which the ‘informative network’ emerges again as a knot that controls the actions of the herd, packing it tightly as a new ‘cell-point’ of a new ‘fractal’ scale of the Universe.
II. A DECALOGUE OF SYSTEMS LAW: THE PROGRAM OF THE UNIVERSE.
The Universe is a system of networks of knots of actions of energy and time, perceived as forms and motions. The game of beings performing cyclical discontinuous actions as they switch between feeding, perceiving, reproduction and acting in social networks, through life and death generational cycles that preserve the game… its selection, extinction, recreation, fusion and fission of all those cycles in perfect harmony, all defined by a single function, max. ExI, the function of existence, this is the mystique of the grand design of what you see.
And this will be a decalogue of its actions, laws, forms, ages, balances and main species of existence.
In this paragraph we expand the previous notion into a Decalogue of General systems sciences.
Let us then describe that program in its simplest terms, for all species in ‘existence’ with a Decalogue of laws derived from the nature of all what exists as a complementary system of energy and time.
These are the basic tenants of General Systems sciences that studies the program:
ACT I: A UNIVERSE OF TOPOLOGICAL ACTIONS OF ENERGY AND TIME.
- Reality is made of actions of quantum energy and cyclical time.
A cycle has an end in time and a quantum size in space. Thus, the Universe is continuously differentiable during the cycles of time their beings performed, but when the p.o.v. switches its action it has a point of discontinuity, what we see is the trace of those cycles of actions that ‘draw’ the 4 dimensional space-time universe
Beings constantly create actions of energy and time. What you see are knots of such cyclical actions… fabricating time. What we see are the trajectories of beings performing in an alternately causal way their cycles of time. One of the most common cycles is to have a p.o.v. become a focus of a force, which acts as its source of energy and information. A first paradox of Galileo happens here, as we can perceive the point as static and feeding, moving along the field of energy and so we can establish a static or dynamic analysis. Those points then ill feed along that path and a certain moment satisfied that action will try to fulfill others, and in that switching on and off actions will seem to disappear and new, different trajectories motivated for another action appear. If we see densely packed in time and space those actions they will be sequential and those causal sequences are the stuff that latter (paradox of Galileo) seen as a package of space-time or organism, are the reality we see in its infinite fields.
The why of the Universe turned out to be rather simple and biological, more than physical, even if it was a discovery that starts in physics with Planck’s realization that the simplest Unit of reality is NOT a substance but a cyclical action of energy and time. Quantum and cyclical are treated as synonymous, a quantum is a form that we might perceive as fixed and substance but it is really nothing but a morphological motion, traced by a being, that in the specific scale Planck studied, we could hardly see, the light-space. But all what that being did were actions of energy and time.
But can build the Universe departing of those two primary substances or ‘arrows of the Universe’? Yes we can. And that is what I did back in the 90s. The concepts are easy, if you are able to transcend your memetic imprinting and ignore Mr. Planck’s desperado dictum when nobody listened to his astounding discovery that we were made not of substances but actions and hence motions (‘for a new paradigm to be imposed all those who learned the previous paradigm must die’).
So try to follow me with a ‘Tabula Rassa’. You have two entities, energy and time, and they have motion, so they create actions. The simplest combination is called an h-Planck constant. That gives us a first ‘being’. Now forget your abstract, earlier Hegelian imprinting (this you might not know, but history of science tells us earlier German thinkers were idealist as philosophers of science and did not consider the Universe made of ‘realities’ but of ‘mathematical probabilities’). Think rational. h-Plancks are ‘real’, the simplest bricks of the Universe, and they are made of energy and time. In fact you perceive light, when you stop seeing light you stop seeing the Universe of space-time.
Therefore the space-time Universe we perceive is made of actions of light of energy and time. And physicists have discovered that indeed the vacuum is made of energy, which moves and change in time. But we said the Universe of space-time instead of the Universe of energy and time. Space has become energy. And indeed, space and energy are two ways of seeing the same thing. Then we come to the other term Time…. But we use in many sciences instead of space and time, energy and information, so time and information, ‘form-in-action’, form must be related. And yet we use clocks of time, cyclical forms to measure time.
All what exists is made of space-time, in abstract, of energy and information, self-similar terms.
Now when you say ‘I don’t have energy and time to do this’, it is obvious that subconsciously you know the two substances of what you are made, energy and time and you are right. Because what you are, what we shall describe in this book in great detail is how you ‘become’ yourself, departing from the two primary substances of the Universe, energy and time, which together form an action, the basic unit of reality.
So Duality deals with that fact, and extracts the laws of energy and information. Now, think again, what else can be there? The simplest thing is to combine energy and information, and you get a 3rd entity. This combination e x i, or e x t, if you want to use Quantum or Einstein’s notation, turns out to be the essential equations of physics. So we are on the good path.
Thus now we have 3 arrows, energy, information and exi, that we shall call the arrow of reproduction or creation, as it creates a third entity, one which is made of two substances, and turns to be an ‘action’.
What else can we find there? Since there are many bites of energy and bits of information, we can combine them, and then we find the 4th arrow:
∑ e x i
This equation, which the reader should observe includes all the others, is what I have called the Generator equation of all the entities of energy and information or space and time of the Universe. And from that simplest equation and the interaction of its two ‘simple arrows’ or motions, we create its two complex forms, actions and societies. And this, my friend is all what we shall need to explain you all what exists and more… what you don’t see but it exists also in other fractal scale of reality.
Those two substances can be seen as a whole space-time or as two space and time or as a sum of parts, many spaces and times. So space can be seen through perception as a single, quiet space, adding all the ‘vital spaces’ of which is composed, or as a sum of ‘quantum energies’ and ‘vital spaces’ that entities occupy. Time also can be seen as a single clock-time for the entire universe, measured with our mechanical clocks or as an infinite number of cycles that all entities trace, each one with a different speed and rhythm, each one with a different ‘form’ or information, provided by the shape of the cycle and its ‘frequency’. So Space is synonymous of Energies and time of informations:
∑ E = S; ∑i=T
This is the first key concept you have to assume to understand the Universe beyond its useful measure by physicists with a single clock.
Further on, we recognize both types of entities by their form: clocks are cyclical, so it is information and its systems. Space is a lineal plane, so are energetic system. This leads to a key principle to understand and classify entities of reality: Form is function. And so the ball – the inner part of a sphere – is the perfect form of information as it is the shape that stores more form in lesser space, and the line or plane the perfect form of energy, as it is the fastest motion/biggest surface of space between two points.
So now it is clear what it is the game of existence, the Universe: a game of relative organisms, of each scale of reality, performing externally in an ecosystem, its space-time, cyclical actions, switching among its tasks of energy feeding, informative perceiving, reproducing and keep in harmony with the self-similar points of its energetic, informative and reproductive social netkwrs.
In brief, we exist in a series of parallel games of feeding, perceiving, evolving and reproducing. And all of us can be perceived externally as ‘points of view’, Non-Euclidean points, playing this geometric and biological, existential game:
We are all knots of discontinuous, cyclical actions of energy and time.
Energy and information have inverse properties. Energy is lineal motion; informations are cyclical forms. Thus both are two types of motion, |-energy and O-information, equal in power and interacting and transforming into each other constantly. This principle of conservation and transformation of energy and information becomes the new fundamental law of science: ‘All what exists is a complementary system of bites of |-spatial energy and bits of O-Temporal Information: E<=>Ti.‘
And that duality of substances/forms/function structures all our actions:
Indeed, all systems are complementary systems with heads that absorb, perceive and process information and bodies that absorb, perceive and process energy.
But the previous graphs and equations refer basically to a bidimensional system and we live in a 4-Dimensional system with 3 spatial dimensions and a 4 dimension of motion, which puts together all the cycles of time, all changes of the Universe (and we shall explain with far more detail, including the meaning of its own 3 dimensions, past, present and future, in this work) Thus the next step of a complete analysis of energy and information is to consider those forms of motion in 4-dimensional space.
2. There are only 4 actions of energy and time that all complementary systems perform.
The science of General Systems or complexity describes all entities of the Universe with the same laws explaining the reasons why those entities exist, its forms and functions, its actions and its life/death cycles and reasons why they become extinguished. So its laws of creation and destruction of all Universal species can be considered that ‘program of the Universe’ or ‘program of existence’, which traditionally in mythic terms is equivalent to the concept of the will of God. Yet it is not a personal God-will but rather an impersonal, biological, evolutionary program which reinforces itself through evolution and survival: Those who do not obey or seek the 4 arrows/actions of the program, which is the strategy of survival of all species, die away, and so the will of the Universe must be obeyed, or else we become extinct. We are free to deny the program (as humans, we shall see do in this moment of history) but if we do not gather energy and information for our body and mind, if we do not reproduce and we do not evolve socially and interact with similar species, chances are we shall not last too longer and die away. And so the program will be carried further by those who did obey the ‘Law’.
All systems perform 4 actions to survive that define a simple program of ‘existence’, which all species of energy and information follow, to survive.
The deduction of the program is simple. First, all what exist is an action, which has 2 components, exi=k or exT=k (depending on which self-similar concept you choose information or time) and there are many quantic actions. So all what we can do is 4 type of actions that we shall call ‘arrows or motions of time’:
Those arrows or actions all species made of complementary bodies/fields of energy and heads/particles of information perform to last in time and space will be:
– ∆E: They feed on energy for their bodies/fields.
– ∆I: They absorb information for their heads/particles.
– Exi: They act combining both, and the most common action as we shall see is to combine them both to reproduce you in other zone of space and time and survive after death (or become reproduced by an external catalyzer, enzyme or ‘enzyman’ – machines).
– ∑ e x I=Ii+1 They evolve socially in more complex networks that survive longer in time and space.
The 4 arrows are ‘necessary’ for any complementary system of energy and information to exist. As any system will die if it doesn’t replenish its energy and information, or reproduce before death.
Further on the 4th social arrow creates stronger top predators, either herds (loose groups of self-similar organisms of the same type) or organisms proper (more connected systems that organize 3 sub-systems, heads, bodies and limbs, specialized in information or formal structure, reproduction and energy, all of them connected by a 4 system, the linguistic system that organize them all).
Relationships between the simplex and complex arrows.
The dualities between external, spatial and informative, simplex forces/actions and complex, internal forces/actions/networks create a series of patterns and synchronicities that are repeated in all systems.
The simplest relationship is one of causality between the simplex and complex arrows:
∆ Energy->Reproduction and ∆ In/Form/ation->Social evolution through a common language.
Complex reproduction requires a great deal of energy to be achieved, so for example women cannot have children without a proportion of body fat, and most cells do not undergo mitosis without a cytoplasmic growth. So reproduction is the complex arrow of energy and we observe many causal relationships and ‘cycles’ of the type: E->Re. On the other hand social evolution depends of a language of information that the different ‘cellular elements’ understand. Thus social evolution is the complex arrow of information and we shall also observe many relationships of the type: ∆i-> ∑ e x I.
The most important inverse property of those space-time cycles is the fact that each cycle/action of time has a different duration and each scale and organism has a different speed, according to the ‘Generator equation’: Max. E = Min. I and vice versa. So in life smaller species have a faster methabolism. In physical vortices of information, such as mass… the faster they turn, the more they attract and the smaller they are, with a black hole vortex of gravitation, which turns at c-speed in its event horizon and attracts more than the bigger, slower turning stars, as a Universal limit.
Creation of social scales, in which each whole is a unit-part of the next scale.
Complex, social evolution helps most species to survive, especially when they reproduce in great numbers, creating a ‘new scale of reality’, self-organizing themselves with a language of information all those cellular particles share. And we measure this fact with a scalar, fractal index of new scales of existential functions, i. Normally all systems must be defined at least in 3-4 scales:
– The lower, i-2 (bits of information) and i-1 (bites of energy) scales defined with mathematical/genetic/memetic languages, depending of which systems we analyze in its details – a biological, sociological or physical system. We perceive this scale as bits of an informative language – which gives us a synoptic minimal information of the properties of the entity. As the i-1, i-2 levels, as it is far removed from us in size and so we introduce uncertainties and loose information.
Then it comes an i scale, of our size, where information is maximal. So we observe more information explained in a complex manner. Thus in the i-scale we deal with chemical molecules in physical systems, living cells in biological systems, humans in history and corporations in economics, using topological, organic, psychological or econometric methods to define their actions.
– Finally in the i+1 scale we perceive ‘states of matter’ that define masses of molecules of energetic (gas), creative/reproductive (liquid) or solid/informative nature; we perceive organs and organisms made of cells and we perceive civilization and markets.
3. All are complementary systems made with 3 ‘topological functions’: Limbs, heads and bodies.
A 4-Dimensional Universe has 3 canonical topologies, which correspond to the 3 organs of all systems:
Max. I: Head/Particle/Informative caste: They display the hyperbolic topology of information, observed in most ‘heads’ as an excess of warping and form (cortex, black holes, Chromosomes, Chip design).
Max. E: Moving Limbs/Forces/Energy class: They show a relative plane, or concave topology; such as the one observed in an external membrane, often the cover of a sphere of a bilateral form.
E=I: Reproductive Body/Atom/Working class: The topology of the reproductive system is a combination of the other two, performing cycles that communicate the energetic membrane and informative center.
In the graph, concave, energetic, toroidal, reproductive and convex, informative topologies are the ‘forms with most often found in the 3 main physiological systems of 4-Dimensional super-organisms.
Beings are not pure motions or just made of information. Hemingway understood , when he said to Dietrich: “Never confuse movement with action”. Indeed, energy ‘or lineal motion’ is not an action per se. It needs form, in/form/ation to direct it to create a purpose a goal, to change reality. So a Universe of actions requires some energy and some information to create a being.
Thus, all what you see will be a combination of both, and so we write a general equation to define all: ∑ E <=>∑I, and state that all what exists is structured with 2 complementary systems, one of information that gauges reality (cyclical particles and heads of physical and biological entities) and one of energy that moves them (lineal fields of forces and limbs).
This leads to a third system that combines both, energy and form, the reproductive system, exi or body. And all of them follow the principle that form is function. So bodies are conical, elliptic, combinations of lines and forms. And so Geometry and topology are fundamental sciences that apply to all ‘scales of reality’ and all its entities.
Thus topology proves that in a 4 dimensional Universe, there are only 3 topologies, which correspond to those 3 sub-systems: hyperbolic, informative topologies, energetic planes, and reproductive disks.
Thus Three Geometric Forms determines all functions: cyclical clocks of information, Energetic, lineal or planar limbs of space, and its combination, ‘complementary systems’.
Interaction between limbs and membranes of energy, informative zero points and cyclic, toroidal bodies.
In the previous graphs we can observe some of the interactions between the zero-points (minds), spherical membranes (energetic skin) and toroidal cycles between both that structure the ‘physiological, inner forces’ of all systems and organisms.
All structures of the Universe are composed of only those 3 topologies. This astounding simplification is the result of 2500 years of mathematical evolution since Pythagoras discovered the laws that rule the bidimensional topology of those 3 forms, the concave-planar sphere (or cycle in a 2 dimensional world), the toroidal body with its regular cycles that transfer energy and information between the external surface of the sphere and its center; which is the informative region or zero point, the ‘eyes’ that perceive in stillness a pixelled map of the Universe brought about by the flows of energy and information of the Torus.
After 2500 years since Pythagoras discovered the circle as the most perfect form, geometer have come to the conclusion there are only 3 forms in the Universe: The sphere, the torus and the zero point.
With those 3 forms you can build all the other forms of reality. All is reduced to those 3. So what they mean? What is their function? And how they combine in the puzzles we call reality? Those are the 3 first questions we shall answer.
In topology we consider a form to be the same one, if it is only deformed but not torn. Thus a sphere is in fact any membrane, or skin that closes an inner space inside. This inner space is called the ‘ball’, and the ball does not include the external membrane, neither the hyperbolic center, or zero point. The 3 together form the ternary structure of most systems, with an external barrier communicated with a torus of cyclical flows of energy and information with an informative, hyperbolic center or north south axis.
What matters about those morphological, ternary systems is not so much the specific form but the functions derived of the common properties of each of those 3 universal topologies, which are not rigid, solid substances but deformable networks of points bonded by flows/lines of energy and information. Its dynamism means as distances and flows between points of the network shorten or lengthen the whole form changes but if the cellular network does not break the form remains one of those 3 topologies:
– The membrane is a network of planar, democratic, self-similar cells, which expand and enclose the inner organism from the outside. It will allow therefore through the holes of the network the transfer of energy and information with the external world, develop certain holes, those for energy called mouths, those for information called senses, and those positive and negative to absorb or expel wasted energy and information. All systems will have at least those type of wholes and a strong, energetic, spatially extended membrane that circles the ‘vital space or territory’ of the species. The membrane can be multiple, the most extended, less loosely guarded is the territorial zone in which the informative center moves. The structures are always ‘functional’ and made of loose networks with motion and holes between them. Once we understand those topologies is essential to understand that they exist not per se, but as a ‘function of their functions’, which are temporal, dynamic more ‘abstract’ and yet rule the morphology that adapts itself to preserve the function or ‘action’ they perform.
It all starts with the creation of a hollow sphere of self-similar cells assembled in a herd, in which each point is only communicated with the lateral neighbors, absorbs energy from the external Universe thanks to its ‘energetic’, hard structures. This herd multiplies and lets part of it flow internally into the torus.
A key property is the equality of all herd’s units, which have all similar functions and are exchangeable, submitted in physical systems to the Bose-Einstein statistics; hence able to form a news plane of social existence called a boson, synthesis of all its units. In the same manner, a sphere can create in the center of its inner space-time a reflection mirror of all its cells – a zero point of the whole self. Thus the natural direction of flows of energy and information from the outer spherical cells is the internal space: The cells observe its mirror image, crates feelers that finally interconnect in a knot of information or zero point in the interior.
Function is kept in bilateral and planar forms but directions change. A two dimensional, planar herd can have a center or top or frontal head on which the language cells reside: politicians, kings, priests or markets rule a society from a center that receive and distribute information.
– The still center or zero point is the point of consciousness of any system, of any world, of any non Euclidean point, of any topology of 4 dimensions, of anything that exists, of anything that is.
In a human point the zero point is the brain, the membrane is the external sensorial and skin system, and in between the cycles of motion that transmit both consciousness and make us live. But we see of us only the external and the internal consciousness, zero point and membrane, while curiously enough the universe sees or perceives the changes produced by the flows of the torus, the precise functions more than the visual observation of those systems is what will guide us in our understanding of reality.
Look around yourself and you will not see any zero point. That is the beauty of it. They are all internal, they are all guarded they are all secretive, they are all connected, communicated, but at the same time isolated, ego-centers of all the complementary systems of the Universe:
ExI=K, the quantum equation, ExT=K, the Einstein equation, knots of actions of energy and time, centers of torus, hyperbolic topologies, brains, and cellular DNA, Cpus and black holes, vortices, eddies, time rushes, zero points are I=eyes, and the engine of form and quietness, stillness and perception, will and creation, and dis-creation.
– The torus. In a film that now has a lot of followers, ‘thrive’, a Californian rich kid guru explains that the torus is the most repeated, key intelligent topology of the Universe. He is right, but it is only one of the 3 topologies of any 4-dimensional universe.
The simplest creation of such torus from a sphere happens departing from a plane: we can build such tri-dimensional torus departing from a cycle, pi, made with 3 units and 3 apertures, of 0.05 between the 1 D-units of the membrane. It will reproduce and create a self-reflection – a similar smaller internal ring-son. Then both will form a dual system, in which the son will integrate the flows information and the external disk those of energy that cross through those 3 apertures. Thus a dual energy-information circle is formed. Then the flows between both will create a new curved dimension of height forming a toroid. That center is created internally by segregation and motion of a number of self-reproduced cells, imaging the father, which is always the bigger, external membrane of the system that appears first. Again causality is determinant: the membrane gives birth to the zero point – it is the father element, hence energy is the first causal action that gives birth through a cyclical body to an informative, final form. Then when the father, external cycle dies, the internal cycle- son is exposed to the external Universe and in this manner all kind of waves are observed as being emitted, the father wave disappears as an explosive external energy the mother wave lives longer and reproduces an internal son wave that will repeat the process or you rather can see the father as progenitor hermaphrodite producing and internal, reproductive wave and an external explosion of death in the moment of giving birth. Thus many fathers die when their sons are reborn (as in mitosis). Yet a dual system is produced; one with a more complex, vital center, and en external, more expansive membrane that protects it. So in beta decays, the nucleon becomes a bigger, more dynamic atom, and in mitosis the cell breaks in two.
Most systems don’t have a radial form centered at a zero point but are born as hollow spheres that grow inwards creating a digestive tube and establishing a flow in the inner vacuum space of the sphere that soon becomes a dual convective flow in cyclical motion that transfers towards the central of the new torus an image of the external image. There the internal cells become the inner radius/zero point of a growing torus. An eye within an eye: the membrane now is reflected by the axis that form in the center a growing seed, a brain, a DNA nucleus. All bits of information reflect an external Universe, imitated and mapped in the lesser space of the zero point, which is warping and extracting information and deflecting energy to perceive with those maps what the external sensorial cells are scanning.
So from a seed with an external membrane and a middle body to feed on, to a celestial body or atom with a hard crust or electronic cover, a series of rotational toroidal cycles of electromagnetic energy and information or plasma flows and a central point of maximal density, we see repeated the 3 topological construction of a functional limbs-body-brain, skin-organs-informative center, structure.
This ‘primordial’ ternary system in space, in time is coupled by a dynamic transformation, as we observe the software flows of energy and information the system carries in time through its ternary structure: first energy will be absorbed by the negantropy of the membrane, which will let the flows enter the torus, where they will be processed and grow in information, becoming either material for the reproduction of the ‘cellular’ units of the body-torus, or pixels transferred to the zero point in the center but ‘outside’ the inner circumference of the torus. The external skin or membrane transfers energy to -> A Central zero point of information->through an intermediate body-torus.
The general evolution of those flows is Max. Energy -> Maximal information till reaching stillness when they come all in ‘parallel’ as a puzzle that for an instant of time – the perceptive, relative internal clock of the system – will appear as an image that perceives in itself. This central point of stillness is the consciousness of the point. And we consider that consciousness is precisely defined as that ‘image’ constantly changing in minor pixels as the flow of energy is finally distilled into information.
A simple transformation happens between an external sphere that converges into that zero point.
If we consider the growth of such a sphere, we can observe, as in a ‘morula’ or in physical particles and celestial bodies, how the growth invaginated inwards transforming therefore the sphere into the torus.
A zero point in a fetus is born first as a morula, a perfect sphere. The sphere of energy is therefore the first thing to be created. It is always like that. A single planar form appears. It start to multiply and without disconnecting itself, it first creates 3 then 5 and each five starts to ‘copulate’ with its neighbor cell and create 2 more on the next level and so on. Different patterns now start to differentiate a game of evolution, which will become more complex in each scale.
The first topology, the democratic sphere which absorbs energy from an external universe is hollow. This sphere is made of individual points that have a recognizable arrow from outside energy to inside information. They will have a gradient of density, as the inside face of the cell is denser and shorter than the outside one, in a ratio depending on the depth and volume of each cell. It follows also that cells will start to be come self-mirrors of other cells as they see them through the internal sphere. And finally at a certain point this sphere will become invaginated in a polar directions as ‘cells’ fall in internal growth from the bottom and top, hanging and building a pole North, South direction.
This stage is the blastula in a biological organism; in an electromagnetic field created between two smaller sphere-points is the moment in which the electromagnetic field between two poles is established.
This is the ‘perfect’, ideal ternary form, which evolves in time towards diversification of 3 forms and in space puts together the 3 elements in a ‘sphere’ and so it is often the perfect seed or organ of existence
We can see that simple assembly in the graph, the eye-zero point system is the hemisphere (right side), in which the flows of the torus converge, coming from an external ‘Riemann sphere’, or membrane, joined with the zero point by a series of flows that reduce energy into denser form.
In the point in which that speed is reduced to zero, a zero point appears, in which a pixel mirror of the external sphere, corrugated into a linguistic image gives consciousness to the system. Then something magical occurs, the zero point processes that energy into information that forms and provokes a change in the position of the entire system, the sum of the membrane, the zero point and the torus in between that acts as a body. The membrane are the limbs of the system, the zero point the brain and consciousness and the torus the physiological systems or flows of energy and information between both.
Observe in the bottom of the graph samples of the 3 form-assembly in different systems of the Universe. Man also is a complex system with 3 interconnected zero points, around cellular toruses, with external and internal membranes of exchange of energy and information with the external universe, and apertures called senses… So we shall first explain the general form of all zero points, spherical membranes and torus and then analyze in specifically the human one.
Diffeomorphic Dimensions. Each entity is a relative Universe.
To understand that human form or any similar, lineal form evolved departing from a perfect, ideal spherical seed, we need to interiorize the most difficult fact of general systems theory: that the visual, topological forms respond always to functions/actions in time, the commanding dimension of reality, to which the forms diffeomorphically adapt to obtain the maximal energy and information and accomplish their actions. So once a form is created, it will adapt and evolve , deforming their external membrane, creating complex warped, fractal, branched internal physiological networks that act as fixed paths of energy and information, diversifying its organs and yet at the end of the road, the same topologies, albeit sometimes difficult to recognize will form a ternary being, which will deploy the same 4 actions of existence with those topologies and internal networks/forces.
General Systems Sciences accepts the principle of relativity and diffeomorphic: local measures. Since each species is a ‘universe in itself’, with different relative, energetic and informative arrows that determine its ‘whole’ morphology. Thus, each species establishes its own up and down arrows or relative energy and informative directions. In the graph, animals use light as information and plants, use light as energy. So both have opposite energy-time coordinates. Yet both have an ‘anteroposterior’, lineal’ ‘outward’ energy oriented structure. Galaxies and other forms of the previous graph have a cyclical, informative, inward structure, where the stars body absorbs energy from intergalactic space, reproduces matter with it and feeds the internal informative knot of gravitation, the black hole.
Reproductive, Fractal differentiation. Evolutionary processes. Basic Laws.
Finally, another key element of all systems are the restrictions and favoured paths of reproduction and mutation or evolution of form. Because there are only 3 functional forms in a 4-dimensional universe (with 3 dimensions of form or space and one complex dimension of motion or time), morphological evolution is not random in choice but guided by the limits of 3 basic topologies, which will be expressed by morphological mutation: either an energetic membrane, toroidal body-organ or warped, linguistic mind will evolve positively or negatively in their parameters, which is often achieved changing the ‘speed’ of time of the process(so for example in human apes the brain bones grow faster than the chin, which grows faster in gorillas, and this change in an essential time parameter determines a functional change in form).
Thus while the variations might seem endless, in fact evolution is restricted by the limits of parameters of form and function, spatial changes in 3 dimensions and temporal parameters – the main tool for establishing those differentiations of a species into either + or – informative, reproductive or energetic growth and evolution.
A ternary process of ‘fractal differentiation’ is the key to understand the ‘speed’ and accuracy of evolutionary development: As a system evolves the 3 ‘diffeomorphic=local’ coordinates of the system – the top (information) – bottom axis, the back-front axis of motion, and the wide axis of structural form and reproductive storage, which are perpendicular to each other, are conserved.
The ‘emergence’ of the properties of previous scales defines this way the elements of the next scale.
They become in the electronic scale the ‘right hand rule’ between electric and magnetic fields; in carbohydrates, the key to understand the 3-dimensional warping of DNA and proteins according to the different positions of its C-formal, O-energetic and N-informative parts. It will be then the ‘3 first genetic’ morphologies imprinted in the cells, with the ‘animal’ pole on top, from where the informative neuronal plate will develop. Then the foetus will define the anteroposterior axis of energetic motion and finally the wide-bilateral, reproductive axis of accumulation of cells.
Ternary principle in space and time: Finally a fundamental symmetry that we shall consider latter in more detail is that between the 3 forms, of space and the 3 dimensions of time, past-youth, present-maturity and informative, 3rd age, as those topologies and its functions dominate in each age of time of the life/death cycle of the being, which goes from the causal, first element, the energetic, external sphere into the 3rd causal element, the center of information that dominates the 3rd age.
4. The actions of beings have a temporal order. Ternary ages and life/death cycles.
The dominant action any being performs is reproduction, exi=k. It is the ‘leit motiv’ of reality that happens when e=I. And so the ‘function of existence’, ∑ e x I, is maximized.
Reproduction and combination in a point of balance of e and I, that produces a quantum wave of self-similar seeds in a lower plane of existence, i-1 happens in all scale and systems in the same manner.
Reproduction follows the same causal processes in any scale: two self-similar species with ‘opposite’ energy-information coordinates (the definition of ‘gender’), in the case of particles, with opposite spin, produce a ‘seminal/cellular sub-particle’, gluons in quarks as in the previous image or photons in electrons. And when the two sub-particles merge their form and energy, they reproduce a ‘shower’ of new electrons or quarks. Thus the process is the same than in human beings and we can generalize the process for any system of any scale of the universe, with the notation of general systems as:
Reproductive action (any scale): exI (female) ó Exi (male): exIi-1 x Exii-1 = ∑ e x i.
So quarks reproduce other quarks colliding gluons as the previous graph shows and electrons colliding photons of higher energy, and the black holes of central galaxies emit jets of dense matter and cells, molecules of DNA.
In that sense, as the increasingly detailed analysis of gluons and electromagnetic flows show, we can talk of those ‘flows’ as micro-networks, similar to the nervous, endocrine and blood systems in our more complex super-organisms. And so the strong and electromagnetic forces do act in several scales, as it happens with the blood system that carries not only energy but also hormones – information… Within the structure of the atom we could consider the existence also of 3 physiological networks that correspond to the inner energetic system (electromagnetism), informative system and reproductive systems. And a fourth external ‘force’ that corresponds to the light we perceive but do NOT circulate inside us (the gravitational force).
Actions are processes with an increasing duration in time such as:
Informative action < Energetic action < Reproductive action < Social action.
And vice versa, given the opposition of properties between time and space, their range diminishes. This is the law of diminishing range of the forces that mediate those actions.
And so we can also connect those 4 arrows as a sequence in time: beings perceive and search for information to feed, and when they feed enough the reproduce, and when they reproduce a lot, they organize in social groups: E->I -> exi (Reproduction) ∑ exi.
These beats of existence are the key to explain the evolutionary patterns of all systems, from the creation of the Universe as a whole, to the creation of life, to the science of morphogenesis and evol>devol to history and economics and the creation of its super-organisms.
Of all those temporal sequences the most important is the life/death cycle:
In the graph, the 4 arrows of space-time have in most species a clear order in time:
– +1: Birth: We are born as a seed of information that:
-Max. Energy: The being goes through an energetic youth of fast motions, in which the energetic limbs and external sensorial membrane dominates.
-E=I: Balances energy and information in a mature, reproductive age, in which the internal, topological, reproductive system dominates.
– Max. Information: Till it warps all its energy into form, in the 3rd age in which the central, hyperbolic, informative brain/particle singularity is dominant. This age ends in:
– -1: Death: Exploding back into energy, erasing its information in the process of death.
The long arrow from energy to information of ‘life’ E->I and its local short reversal from information to energy or ‘death’, I->E, becomes the cycle of existence and extinction of all complex systems of reality, from humans to matter (energy=gas state, liquid= reproductive state, solid=informative state), to the Universe itself from the big bang to the steady state to the Gödel’s vortex, described by the 3 solutions to Einstein equations, which must be ordered in time. In the next graph, we see some examples:
In the graph, most systems follow the ternary principle and have an energetic, informative & reproductive system. Such ternary systems follow the 3 symmetries of the complex Universe: the 3 ages in time of the system, dominated each one by a network (the energetic youth, reproductive maturity and informative, 3rd age), the 3 topologies in space that define those networks (hyperbolic, informative center; planar or spherical, energetic limbs and membranes and toroid, cyclical, reproductive organs); and co-exist 3 scales of existence – the cellular, organic and social scale, in which the organism becomes a unit of the next scale of reality. So the study of systems through its dualities and its 3 symmetries of spatial form, temporal ages and scalar size, is the essence of the ternary method that we shall follow in this work to classify all physical species and study its evolution.
Those ternary ages and topologies are the foundations of a theory of multiple spaces and times, extended through several scales of reality, whose origin can be traced to the work of Leibniz on relational, multiple time cycles and vital spaces, but now truly acquire thanks to systems sciences all its solving power. Since we classify all space forms and time events in 3 topologies/ages that put together in social networks, create new (i+1) organic systems.
Thus the duality of energy and information and the ternary method is the key system used to resolve and reorganize the elements of physics, from the 3 ages of creation of matter (energetic gas, reproductive liquid and informative solid) to the study of particles and its social forms (the 3 families of increasing mass-information, the duality proton/neutron, quark/electron, strong/weak forces, gravitational/ electromagnetic membrane; the 3 ages of the Universe equivalent to the 3 solutions to Einstein’s equations – which are phases of evolution in time of the Universe that goes from a big-bang age, through a steady state into a Godelian vortex.
Topologic evolution: 3 ages of species.
In all space-time scales species follow a future arrow towards more information, which increases in 3 horizons and finally evolves individuals into societies, herds and macro-organisms, related by a common language/network of information.
The process of evolution of species is equivalent to the 3±st ages of individuals with a twist: death is not the only ‘solution’ to the cycle, but the duality of ∂-disintegration or ∫-integration of a social group (in the case of life a cellular group), which defines the life/death cycle gives two choices to some ‘top predator’ informative species: After its 3 horizons or evolutionary ages the species might become extinct or transcend into a super-organism.
In the graph, the seminal, 1st species packs a lot of information in minimal space: It is the Worm Hole, the chip, the 1st bilateral animal2, the 1st mammal, the horse and the 1st Homo Sapiens, which seem to have evolved from a dwarf ancestor, which first discovered technology and had a dwarf brain, albeit with an evolved morphology similar to that of the Homo Sapiens: the Homo Floresiensis3.
Then the new ‘highly informative’ top predator follows in its evolution a plan of dimensional evolution that transforms species with a high content of energy into species with a high content of information through 3±st horizons, self-similar to the ages of an individual organism. Since species are, in fact, macro-organisms in which each cell is an individual of the species.
-First in its ‘energetic youth’, the species grows in size as horses, humans, bilateral animals or black holes do.
-Then the species suffers a reproductive radiation colonizing new ecosystems.
-Next the species suffers a speciation, according the ternary principle into 3 subspecies, one dominant in energy, another in information and a 3rd one balanced in both parameters.
– Finally, a new top predator extinguishes the species or the informative one evolves into social organisms of different complexity, stronger than the individual and survives.
Further on, evolution, as the analysis of the complex plan of ‘speciation’ shows, has two paths: social evolution of ‘external’ energetic bodies (the herd-state, of lesser efficiency and higher spatial extension) and social evolution of ‘internal’ informative organs.
In cells, this give birth to the two main arrows of cellular evolution: muscles, single cytoplasmic cells with multiple nuclei; and neurons single, dense nuclei with multiple cytoplasmic branches (dendrites).
In Physical systems to ‘quark condensates’ (neutron and black hole stars) vs. molecular, external fusion.
Finally in the evolution of species, we have also the causal rhythms between the dominance of each arrow, similar to the ‘ages’ of life, as a species is the life of a ‘cellular’ parental father, reproduced into multiple individuals that will become extinguished, often substituted by a son-species (Oedipus paradox). And the rhythm parallel to that of climatic change is simple:
Small informative seed (first small species-foetus)-> Energy feeding (growth) -> The young age of the species/individual shows a growth in size -> Reproductive/radiating age-> follows by a reproductive expansion of the species as a new ‘top predator’, while the individual gives birth to an offspring-> Informative age/diversification of the species -> extinction/death & survival of the son species.
This simple scheme applies to the analysis of the ‘frozen horizons’ of the big-bang and the particles created; to the evolution of species, which appear in the fossil record small in size (1st bilateral vernanimancula, 1st modern mammal (shrewd), 1st horse, 1st human with technological/speech skills (Homo floresiensis?), first ‘self-reproductive machine’ (chipped nano-bacteria?)…
Recap. The simple, morphological plan of evolution that each fractal species of the Universe repeats is caused by the fact that there are only 2±1 forms in the Universe, lineal energy and cyclical information and i=ts reproductive, body combination. So only 3 new types of species can be created, one with more energy, one with more information and one that reproduces both.
The meaning of evolution and temporal dimensions: Max. E-past x I-future = Present.
Let us now consider a more complex application of those previous laws of all systems: the meaning of past, present and future, which is a consequence of the causal order between those arrows:
Perception->Energetic feeding->Reproduction->Linguistic, social evolution.
In turn that order defines in a longer time-span/scale of existence the causal order of a life/death cycle:
Informative seed->Youth->Reproductive maturity->Informative 3rd age and death…
And in turn that order defines in a longer time-span, the ages of a species, which is born as a small, more evolved form that -> Grows in size -> Radiates and expands as a new predator -> Diversifies informatively in multiple species -> evolves socially in a complex superorganism (ant hills, human societies) or become extinguished by new, more evolved, often ‘son’ species (Oedipus paradox.
Now when we combine all those facts we can define the 3 dimensions of time, the relative informative future as systems become warped and evolve in its 3rd, informative age; the relative past of formless energy, and youth, and the relative present of iteration-reproduction that seems never to change. And we shall see that this is indeed what all systems do in higher measure.
Thus once more we see that not only absolute time is an integrative concept of many time cycles, but the concepts of past, present and future are also relative perceptions in a Universe in which the sum of all life, informative arrows masterminded by these Points of View, and energetic, devolving, simplifying past arrows of entropic motions become a relative present, eternal reality of multiple systems that reproduce iterations of themselves. And latter we shall see they do so through ‘fractal self-generating, feed-back equations of information’ of which the synoptic one that resumes all of them is E<=>I.
ACT II. SUPERORGANISMS OF NETWORKS RULED BY POINTS OF VIEW.
5. Cellular, Social Networks.
Infinite beings: Whole and parts principle.
Though the specific combinations of energy or information of each species – defined by its ‘vital’ or physical, Universal Constants (energy/information ratios) – might vary, the space-time structures and cycles of all those social organisms will be self-similar: All entities are ‘cellular societies’ organized through energy and information networks that bring about processes of social evolution. In all species studied by science a common phenomenon occurs: the existence of parallel groups of beings organized into a single social form. Molecules are made up of atoms and electronic networks; economies are made up of human workers and consumers that reproduce and test machines, guided by financial networks of information (salaries, prices, costs); galaxies are composed of stars, which orbit rhythmically around a central knot, or black hole of gravitational information. Human bodies are organized by cells, controlled by the nervous, informative system. A tree is a group of leaves, branches and roots connected by a network of energy (salvia) and information (chemical particles). Cultures are made of humans related by verbal, informative laws and economic networks that provide their energy.
Sciences study those organic systems, tied up by networks of energy and information. In the graph, we see the main st-planes studied by human sciences and their 4 main time arrows, S E<=>I, which in static space give birth to the ‘organic elements’ of all species: social cell of energy and information and the reproductive networks that relate them. Thus, there are 4 basic elements in all organic systems:
1. Cellular units.
2. Networks of energy or vital space.
3. Networks of fractal information.
4. Networks that reproduce energy and information.
All entities are generated by reproductions and transformations of energy and informative cycles (ΣS<=>Ti), organized in cellular units, through networks, and ±st Planes of self-similar forms. Yet, since those cellular units st-1 are made of smaller st-2 cells, which show the same structure, we can define any organic system as a super-organism (made of smaller, self-similar super-organisms):
‘A super-organism is a group of cellular super-organisms joined by energetic, informative and reproductive networks.’
Thus we unify the properties of Universal Systems and the sciences that study them under a single template definition, according to which simple systems and complex organisms will differ only in the degree of ‘completeness’ of its networks and the specific energy or information they are made of:
‘A super-organism is a network composed of a population of (name a particular cell or cycle), related by an energetic, reproductive or informative arrows.
A fractal organism (name an organism) is a population of iterative (name a cellular species), related by informative (name a language or informative force) and energy networks (name a kind of energy), which combine into a reproductive network that iterates the organism.
A universal ecosystem (name a specific ecosystem) is a population of several (name the species), related by informative languages (name their languages or informative forces) and energy networks (name the energies).’
Fill the gaps with a specific species, language/force and energy and you can define any network-organism in the Universe. While if the system is composed of several species that occupy the same space but have different networks of energy and languages of information, we talk of an ecosystem: – An atomic organism is a population of (electronic) energy and (nucleonic) information, related by networks of (gravitational) information and (light) energy.
– A molecular organism is a population of atoms, related by networks of gravitational energy and networks of electromagnetic information (orbitals, London, Waals forces).
– A cellular organism is a population of molecules, related by energetic networks (cytoplasm, membranes, Golgi reticules) and genetic information (DNA-RNA.)
– A human organism is a population of DNA cells, related by networks of genetic, hormonal and nervous information and energy networks (digestive and blood systems).
– An animal ecosystem is a population of different carbon-life species, related by networks of light information and life energy (plants, prey).
– A historic organism or civilization is a population of humans, related by networks of verbal information and networks of carbon-life energy.
– An economic ecosystem is a population of human workers/consumers and machines, related by networks of digital information (money, audiovisual information, science) and energetic networks (roads, electric networks, etc.).
An economic ecosystem differs from a historic organism because they use different languages of information (civilizations use verbal or ethic laws while economic ecosystems use digital prices) and include 2 different species: human beings and machines.
– A galaxy is a population of light stars and gravitational black holes, related by networks of gravitational information and electromagnetic energy.
-A Universe is a population of galaxies joined by networks of dark matter and energy.
We establish thereafter a parameter of multiple space-time scales of growing volume of information, st=i, to classify all those relative scales of spatial energy and temporal information of the Universe, starting by the simplest scales, st=0 (mathematical cycles and lines), st=1 (Gravitational space), st=2 (electromagnetic space), st=3 (atomic particles) and so on, till reaching the most complex, macro-structures of the Universe (st=9, galaxies).
Cells and emergent scales.
Most beings are made of self-similar i-1 cells, particles or social individuals, which put together by networks become an i-organism, unit of a higher social i+1-scale.
In the graph, one of the fundamental properties of that structure is emergence. The properties of the simplest system emerge in the more complex. This means the geometrical properties of space-time are shared by all the new scales. The electromagnetic properties of quantum numbers are shared by all atomic species. The biochemistry of cellular life by higher organisms, and the individual behavior of human beings transcend into the socio-cultural behavior of social super-organisms; and our forms and vital functions are also expressed in the world of memes of metal we construct.
Wholes are made of smaller parts, and they interact and influence each other. The key law of those interactions between the cellular and network scale is simple: energy flows from lower i-scales into bigger i+1 scales and information flows from bigger to lower scales. And this paradoxically tends to cause a topic error in all sciences. Since all energy has information and vice versa, but energy bites are more ‘evident’, than smaller, coiled, often invisible or incomprehensible flows of information, scientists tend to overlook this duality or look at those interactions only in the path from the lower scale to the larger one. For example biologists tend to think that the whole structural information of life beings is stored in its smallish scalar parts, genes. They think the whole, external ambient and organic scales do not influence the genetic parts. This is most likely false, as there should be ‘bigger scales that code information’ in ‘longer genetic codes’ and introns. There are morphological shapes, caused by the emergent properties of simple space-time (so all organisms follow the diffeomorphic dimensions of space-time with information on top, etc.) There is speciation based in the duality of energy and information systems. There should be imprinting of neuronal networks by the mother emotional networks in the 3rd ‘informative’ phase of development of the foetus. And even there might be a Lamarckian response to external ecosystemic adaptation that might increase the random chances of mutation towards one of those ‘natural directions’ of morphology, as processes of punctuary evolution seem to indicate.
The same error happens among physicists, which are obsessed by entropy only theories (black hole evaporation, negation of the arrow of reproductive, fractal information, which Mehaute proved to happen always, when entropy no longer acts), etc. This is obvious in their obsession for heat solutions and the stubborn denial of the duality of all processes that can be done in ‘Max. E’, energetic, hot ambient and Max. I, informative cold ones – such as the fusion process.
Finally in social sciences, we build social models that stress the individual and not the systems, and superstructures. And yet it is a fact that networks, the whole, always influence its parts. And so many sciences must be completed with the study of that influence from ‘upper scales’ into cellular ones.
All those morphological differentiations and social elements can be resumed in a word: networks. Social individual systems acquire network forms, shaping forms related to energy or information, or combine them both. And so we find also in all systems a ternary differentiation between cells that become energetic, reproductive or informative networks.
Complementary systems are not ‘point-particles’ but cellular or atomic systems, made of networks of bits or bites of information and energy. Those networks are able to modify its distances and forms changing its topology and for that reason the Universe is dynamic in its transformations.
Because networks are flexible webs of points that can adopt different topologies by modifying the distribution of those points, networks evolve and switch between the 3 topologies of existence, hence creating a complex universe of constant transformations between the 3 functions-forms of the Universe.
Thus all networks = organisms often have two ‘sub-forms’ or states, the coiled, informative, radial or spherical state and the uncoiled, bilateral, anteroposterior, lineal form.
The first state is the informative state and the second the energetic state of motion; as systems are always dynamic flows and transformations between two poles of Energy and form joined by a body of cyclical exchanges between the concave and convex |-O E-I poles.
Thus the answer to the whys of the Universe can be resumed in a word ‘networks’ that defines the multiple realities we see around us:
‘All what exists are organic, fractal systems, made of self-reproductive, complementary, social, topological networks of energy (bodies and fields) and information (heads and particles)’:∑Se<X>∏Ti
Thus the why of reality is the creation of social networks that become complementary super organisms.
Complex and Simplex arrows: internal networks and external forces.
In essence organisms have internal parts, attached to ‘external apertures’ called senses that perceive two basic external forces of information and energy, elaborated and distributed to all cells by internal networks. When those external sources of energy and information saturate those internal networks the complex arrows enter in ‘action’. So the excess of energy is imprinted by the excess of information, exi, reproducing a self-similar organism or it is shared with similar individuals, creating ‘bondage’ in herds or complex organisms.
Thus the external forces and actions of perceiving and feeding are fast in time and extend in a wide spatial range, to the point of creating a ‘continuous’ perceptive experience. While the complex arrows are of long duration in time, requiring little space and long time to re=produce its actions.
This is expressed in a law of inverse spatial range and time duration:
i-3 Informative pixels (Max. E x Min.i) = i-2 energy bites (ExI) = i-1 reproductive seed (min. e x Max. i)
This is the case of the forces that ‘express’ those arrows in atoms. Where the external forces of information and energy (gravitational and electromagnetic forces) have a wide range and the internal forces of reproduction and social evolution (strong and weak forces) have little spatial range, specially the weak force which is a ‘Temporal transformation’, not a spatial ‘force’, as it transforms particles in time, evolving them without motion in space.
Thus the Strong and Weak force are the complex ‘inner’ forces of the atom, which play the same role than the complex, inner networks of energy and information (blood and nervous system) of a biological organism.
And they describe reproductive and evolving processes. For example weak forces are the equivalent to other evolving processes like the chrysalis of an insect or the resting moment of pregnancy.
Both type of forces/actions are easy to spot. Since time and space are opposite in properties and so time processes tend to be ternary (with 3 dimensions states, a first more energetic, the reproductive middle event and the final informative one), and last longer in time (the weak force has a time related constant) and hardly have any range in space, but need quiet, small, secluded places (in species evolution this cause allopatric evolution).
6. Souls: All systems have a central or upper knot – a zero point – that processes information and perceives a ‘still’, pixelled map of reality constructed as a reflection of the external universe – a mind.
In the graph, in the old paradigm of single space-time, there is only a point of view, the anthropomorphic point of view, and a language and frame of reference, the Cartesian frame. In the new paradigm, each knot of cycles of energy and information creates its own frame of reference and coordinates, ‘literally’ as it evolves its organism along an up (information) down (energy) axis, an anteroposterior axis, (direction of motion as it performs its ‘cyclical actions’), and a width axis of reproduction and cellular storage. Further on, besides its 3 relative, ‘diffeomorphic’ coordinates, each organic system will have a perception based in a language, which might not be the language of man, as each species codes and maps reality with bits of a different type of wave. All this can be formalized and mathematized with a new mathematical model, based in the new discoveries of fractal non-Euclidean geometry, developed by the author that complete the work of Riemann on the subject.
Points with parts are knots of time cycles that gather into networks. The most important point of any network is the point which communicates all other points and networks, taking the key decision of any super-organism: which action performs at each moment. That point, is therefore the point that possesses the will of the whole organism.
All what you see are knots of ‘living cycles’ that represent the actions of a ‘Point of view’, which traces those cycles as forms with motion, forms-in-action, in-form-ations. We call all those knots of forms with motion Non-Euclidean points, (mathematical jargon), Space-time cycles (physical jargon) or complementary networks (biological jargon) the new units of the physical, mathematical and biological formalism of Systems sciences. They define a new mathematical and logical language that advances the previous A-ristotelian and E-uclidean logic to better map out the Universe, called i-logic geometry (as i represents information and comes after A and E). An i- point or space-time cycle (1st postulate of i-geometry) has form and motion. Any entity of the Universe is an i-point, as all of them have form and motion. 2 i-points will form a wave (2nd postulate) that communicates energy=motion and form=information between them. Thus all lines are in fact waves with motion. Self-similar points then will form a network by exchanging energy and information along certain paths. Thus all planes are networks (4th postulate). And each of those points crossed by flows of energy and information that shape its internal form (5th postulate) will be able to move and gauge the information of the external Universe, becoming a ‘relative mind’, a perceptive element of an intelligent Universe made of the sum of infinite such points. Finally the 3rd postulate of i-logic geometry will define according to the self-similarity between those points the type of networks they create when they socialize with other points. And so the application of those 5 postulates and its laws to any system of self-similar beings, from atoms to humans to galaxies, give us the whys of reality, which is game of points that socialize into bigger wholes, points of a new scale: particles become points of atoms that become points of molecules, cells, organisms and societies in the biological realm, or parts of celestial bodies, galaxies and Universes in the physical world. In the past science has focused mostly on the study of motion and energy and its measure with mechanical instruments. The 4th paradigm of science reveals the why of the motions and forms of reality by adding to those studies the understanding of the properties and laws of Information. Since only both together, the arrow of ‘energy’ or ‘entropy’ dominant in motion and the arrow of evolution of form, or ‘information’ explain the fundamental unit of reality: a feed-back cycle that transforms back and forth energy into information. The Universe is made of an infinite number of such cycles of exchange of energy and information between entities that shape the primary substance of reality: ‘cycles of time’ that occupy a surface of space. Time is cyclical and multiple. Each event has a frequency that carries information, defining a cycle or closed trajectory that breaks space into an inner, ‘fractal’ region and an external world. The result is the creation of multiple, ‘vital’ spaces and clock-cycles. Those cycles become chained in knots and organized in networks of knots, which share flows of energy and information, creating the complex systems and scales of reality.
What are the units of those networks? Can we find, as we have done for the wholes, unified under the concept of networks, a unifying principle to explain the simplest of the simplest parts? Indeed we can. Since the units of a network are points, but a very special point, one with form or information and motion or energy, called a non-Euclidean point. So the Units of reality are formal knots, points with volume of information and motions, which it traces to fulfill is actions, through space-time cycles.
The creation of a systems sciences formalism is possible thanks to the advance of 3 new disciplines that become the pillars of the 4th paradigm of science: theory of information, of ‘form’, the other substance of reality ‘forgotten’ by the founding physicists of the paradigm of measure, obsessed by the measure of energy and its motions; the mathematics of information, which are fractal, non-Euclidean geometries, only fully developed in the last decade; and the science that uses information to explain the Universe – system sciences also called complexity, which studies all species of the Universe as systems made of networks of self-similar entities, which are responsible for its actions with motion and form.
We have come to a fundamental element of General Systems Sciences: the philosophical difference between information processing, aperception and perception. The mechanist paradigm, invented by religious people did not require perception, because the world was a machine set up by God (it is impossible to create a mechanist paradigm without a God putting up the system, something scientists today often forget). The organicist model can work with evolution as a game of automatic trial and error, but it doesn’t really work. We have to stretch the belief in evolution as some proponents of intelligent design have shown. Systems are simply too complex at molecular level and the relationships between scales require too much efficiency if the central, informative, processing systems would not aperceive (perceive the flows of information they process without self-reflection). So the most likely hypothesis is what Leibniz called aperception. Basically what Aristotle called the first cause, or unmoved God, which moves all the energy-bodies around him. And he affirmed there were infinite Gods and we were all one type of them.
And indeed, the easiest manner to understand reality is to postulate that all systems that work, have at least a point, ‘attractor’, cyclical particle, knot of quantum cycles of energy and information, which ‘perceives a world made with the pixels of its language of information that ‘converge’ into the nodal point and become processed within that point provoking in the point a reaction that moves the point towards a place in which it can feed on energy, reproduce or evolve socially.
Information thus would become the most repetitive cycle of all, caused by the smallest i-2, or i-3 particles that converge in the system. We would merely be the most complex informative systems that have a wider rage of election between our complex 4 arrows as we can absorb many types of information, energy and interact sexually and socially in many different milieus. But the simplest element of our universe, quarks and electron, which do perceive gravitational and electro-magnetic information, feed on gravitational and electromagnetic energy and when they receive many of it, reproduce and certainly evolve socially with other particles, exchanging energy and information through smaller quanta, should aperceive its fundamental force, as energy and information, to exist.
While we do not perceive gravitation because we are electromagnetic beings, I am certain that electrons perceive and feed on electromagnetic photons. And perhaps the strongest proof is the fact that our sensors of light (eyes) can perceive a single photon. An electron thus must perceive a white and black, (light or absence of it), message, which makes it (experimental proof) jump and absorb the electromagnetic wave, ‘growing’ in size, jumping to a wider orbital scale.
What proofs do we have that information perceives itself? The most evident one is the fact that we are human beings, made of atoms as everybody else, whose senses can perceive a single bit of information (the eye a single electron) and hence our mind is of the same quality than others and yet it does not merely process information but perceives it in the act of processing. We thus conclude that all points of view that ‘focus’ in stillness and pixel reality in a mapping, perceive.
A second question is that of self-consciousness, which experiments made with animals show only appear when we see a being like we are, or we see in a mirror. Consciousness would be perception and should be a jump of complexity in our perception, which is not required for the system to work.
Yet aperceptive points can exist and do exist in all systems. They are the nuclei of cells, the knots of cells in a tree; the nervous system in complex organisms, the quark and quark stars (black holes) in atoms and galaxies, in what concerns gravitational forces; the fractal crystals in rocks. Each one will aperceive with different speed of time-information but they will all perceive and with that perception redirect its motions and reflect in one or other direction the energetic forces they absorb. And another proof of this is the fact that all forces we perceive are dual. So electromagnetic light can be taken as energy (plants) or as information. And we imagine that gravitational forces are absorbed as energy (star-plants that feed and follow the gravitational path in its orbits) or as information (black holes that move erratically). The erratic movements of animals and black holes prove the concept: motion with apparent disorder tends to be proper of beings that perceive. Does this means plants do not perceive? No, of course, but light is their energy They perceive a slower ‘chemical language’, as do cells of the body controlled by those who perceive the faster electric language – the neurons.
In the graph, because a Cartesian graph (left) is an abstract continuum of lineal time, based in the single rhythm of a mechanical clock and a continuous space of points with no ‘breath’ (Euclidean definition of a point), ever since it became the canonical representation of space-time science has believed in a single, absolute time and a single absolute space, with a single point of view, that of the human mind in the origin of coordinates. Yet the Cartesian plane only represents the continuous space-time of ‘the membrane of light’ it represents with its 3 perpendicular coordinates, equivalent to the height=electric field, width=magnetic field and length=wave speed of light. Since light is the space we see and so its 3 coordinates are self-similar to those of the Cartesian, human mind made with light.
The real Universe has ∞points of view that gauge information in ∞scales of space-time. Those points of view by definition have volume to fit ∞ parallels – flows of energy and information that go through them. Each of those parallels is in fact a cyclical, curved trajectory (Einstein’s definition of a parallel); and so we can consider each Non-Euclidean point of view a knot of time cycles with form and motion.
The new 5 postulates of a Non-Euclidean, fractal geometry of Multiple Spaces and Times are:
1st Postulate: ‘A fractal point is a world with an inner content of information that creates its 3 internal, topologic, organic dimensions and a content of energy that traces its external motions=time arrows’
2nd Postulate: ‘A line is a wave of fractal points.’
3rd Postulate: ‘2 fractal points are self-similar when their external, spatial perimeter or their inner information is equal. Similar points form organic networks by sharing their energy and information. Dissimilar points ab=use each other in Darwinian relationships’
4th Postulate: ‘A plane is a network that joins points through waves of energy and information.’
5th Postulate: ‘Non-Euclidean points perceive energy and information: A fractal point has inner apertures to the world, through which multiple waves of energy and information can cross.’
In the graph, the 5 postulates of Non-Euclidean geometry define a point with parts, a line as a wave and a plane as an organic network of points: The 2nd postulate explains the interaction between two points connected by a wave of communication or ‘line’; the 3rd postulate explains the type of interactions between 2 points according to their relative equality, which will bring them together into a social network or dissimilarity, which will make them not interact or enter into a Darwinian relationship in which a point absorbs the energy of the other. Self-similarity is required to start an organic process of eusocial evolution; or else systems that do not understand their information use each other as energy, in Darwinian hunting processes or ignore their paths. The 4th postulate defines the creation of networks made of systems of points across multiple scales of space-time. It defines spaces as networks of points, interconnected by flows of energy and information: All in the Universe are thus complementary systems made of networks of non-Euclidean points. Finally the 5th postulate that explains the processes of absorption of waves of energy and information that the point gauges to act-react with the Universe.
The first postulate defines a point with form and energy. Points are not ‘points with no breath’ (Euclid), an abstract definition that created the simplified concept of a space-time continuum but ‘fractal points’, which grow in size when we come closer to them. And so stars are points in the sky that become huge as we come closer to them. And a microscope discovers an entire world in the minimal size of a cell. Einstein offered a partial solution to this conundrum considering that from our scale of size, those Non-E points seem to curve the information of the universe that fluxed on it. But Leibniz had given a better answer: ‘the smallest point is a world in itself’. This is the meaning of a fractal point, whose internal parts respond to the 3 topologies of a 4-dimensional Universe: a hyperbolic, informative system; an energetic, planar or spherical membrane and a cyclical, toroidal region with reproductive organs. And we shall find those 3 topological regions in all points-species of the Universe.
It is now clear that non-Euclidean points are points of view that gauge information and move their complementary body with a will, seeking for more energy and information and reproduction, seeking for an organic will to repeat their cycles and motions. And this will gives the point the category of mind, or Atman or soul, a perceptive point of view that absorbs information and moves its body accordingly after ‘thinking’ the information and ‘bending’ it subjectively to its will.
That we have no free will but we have will is the deepest consequence of stating that all points of view search for its 3+1 dimensions of existence, its energy, informative, reproductive and social arrows.
To do so the point must perceive and gauge. If it is an electron it will gauge and move to capture energy to structure its form (2nd quantum number) and it will use a language of information to evolve socially (magnetic number). Points thus are moved by the need to perform their 4 cycles of existence, a desire to acquire more energy and form which they better achieve in networks, with the flexibility of herd hunting and network thinking. But in each scale of reality there is a rational point of view calculating its strategies to get more energy and form.
Non-Euclidean points are the souls, Atmans, Monads of the Game of Existence, the knots with a living will, which they display in their action, exi. Leibniz failed to realize they would communicate. Buddhist with the concept of Atmans are closer: knots of relationships with other i-points. Such multiple, perceptive Universe merely extends the nature of being human, a self-perceptive point always feeding, perceiving, reproducing and socializing, which is also what life does, to all the entities of the Universe. All is life. All shows the will of life. All keeps reproducing self-similar points of view, points of order. A point is any entity of the Universe. In a more detailed analysis those parts turn out to be self-similar in geometrical terms in all of them, defined by the three canonical topologies of a four-dimensional Universe, which describe an informative, hyperbolic region or ‘head’, a toroidal, ‘reproductive body’ and lineal or planar energetic limbs and membranes, common to all the points of the Universe. Thus, we define time cycles, forms with motion, its multiple knots of time cycles and networks with a new geometry of space-time, Non-Euclidean geometry, born of the completion of the work of Einstein in physics and Riemann, Lobachevski in the field of mathematics. Since now all points have form and motion, they have breath; and since now all lines have form and motion they are waves; and since now all planes are networks, they are discontinuous planes. Thus, the new formalism of space-time redefines also the geometry of the Universe in dynamic, discontinuous terms:
Networks are made of relative points with form and motion, which can be defined as time cycles – trajectories traced by an entity in search of energy, information, reproduction or social interaction. Those time cycles enclose a surface of vital space or energy and so they define a certain space-time. Any entity will however trace many cycles in search of its organic motions to feed, gauge, reproduce and evolve socially into bigger networks. So each entity will be a knot of multiple time cycles.
Those knots of time cycles are what we call a fractal Non-Euclidean point. The basic unit of the new paradigm is thus mathematical – the point – but a very special point, a fractal point which grows in detail and information the closer we come to it, till it becomes, as Leibniz put it, a world in itself with internal complementary networks=organs of energy and information (fields and particles in physics; limbs, body and head in biology).
In the formalism of Systems sciences we call them Non-Euclidean points, since they are points through which infinite flows of energy (parallels) and information can cross. We also represent them with the symbol ‘i’, which is the next vowel to the A-ristotelian, E-uclidean paradigm, the symbol of information and a visual image of the 2 components of the point, the informative, cyclical part, o, and the lineal, energetic one, |, which we call the body and head of a biological Point; or the field and particle of a physical point (Principle of Complementarity).
The universe is made of networks of such i-points, and each network is what we call a world or discontinuous space-time, st, unit of a bigger fractal network, a new st-point in itself. So a network of particles becomes an atom, which becomes an st-point of a molecule and so on till creating the Universe.
Even humans can be studied as Non-E points, in which each head is indeed a spherical point that communicates energy and information with other humans, forming social networks.
The anthropomorphic reader might think that humans are different from the rest of points of the Universe, but it is a fact that all points obey in their actions and communicative flows within a network the same laws: humans and electrons behave the same when they move through slits or in herds; the geometries of social groups are also the same; and the ultimate purpose of those points, to feed on energy and information, whatever kind, is also the same in all networks of the Universe. Thus the laws of networks become the social, organic, reproductive why of all beings of the Universe: the Universe reproduces information and organize forms socially into networks. From magnetic and electric fields, made of magnetic and electric constants that mix and reproduce a light wave to fundamental particles, quarks and electrons that absorb energy and reproduce new quarks and electrons, to energetic males and informative females that reproduce together, all in the Universe can be described with the formalism of networks, connects the why with how and when of the 3rd paradigm of metric measure that has analyzed those networks, its motions and forms in detail. Why those i-points with an ego-driven will that desires selfishly more energy and information and self-reproduction collaborate in herds, becoming parts of a whole has to do with the complexity by which the arrow of social evolution impose systems to its parts. Parts become enslaved by their dependency to the higher energy and information provided by networks.
Paradox of Galileo – definition of ego-soul: fractal P.O.V.
All minds, including man, are self-centered beings that believe to be the center of creation, because they gauge information from its point of view. Yet most of reality either exists in a dark space the species doesn’t perceive or uses a language the species doesn’t decode or it is further away from our ‘noses’ to be of any importance to us. This explains anthropomorphism and the incapacity of man to perceive himself as just another knot of simplex and complex actions of energy and time. The laws of those Points of view that gauge information, are Laws of Non-Euclidean geometries. The formalism of General Systems Sciences, which studies networks of points of view is therefore Non-Euclidean. Regarding its Logic structure, past, present and future become relative concepts and so the ‘logic’ of the Universe in which past, present and future co-exist in simultaneous space-time fields, is different, is paradoxical, dual… Its formalism can be fusioned with that of Non-Euclidean geometry in what we call illogic geometry, the linguistic foundations of all General systems.
The paradox of the ego: linguistic points of view.
Perception is possible because of the mentioned paradox of Galileo: all is motion, and so informations are cycles of time with curved motions and energy-space are sheets of lineal motion. And so because all is motion, the repetition of those motions is in fact a simple reproduction that takes place in simple atomic particles (with cyclical vortex of motion) or lineal fields of energy (with wave-like motions).
The paradox of Galileo is again a fundamental law of the relativity Universe ill-understood by scientists who ‘see’ still pictures of reality with their instruments and seek for ‘substances’ instead of motions. It is also the key to the 8th key principle of G.S.Theory, the paradox of the ego.
All individual systems perceive or process information with their linguistic or geometric minds; using that information to guide their body towards fields of energy in which they feed.
Yet since resources are limited, to achieve those 2 simplest arrows of existence, all systems prey in the energy and information of other species causing their death in Darwinian, preying events. We thus talk of two ethical arrows in a universe of limited resources.
Top predator individual species will try to obtain energy from their environment absorbing it from species with weaker energy bodies and informative heads, provoking Darwinian, predatory relationships, causing their death in Darwinian, preying events.
And they will perceive the universe from their egoistic point of view, as a static dead space, of which they are the center. Since from their subjective perspective, their nose seems bigger than the Andromeda galaxy and the earth seems quiet surrounded by infinitesimal stars.
Yet objectively, the ego is just an infinitesimal, fractal mirror, reflecting a minimal part of the infinite information of the whole without which it will cease to exist.
It is the paradox of the selfish ego that wants to be the center of the universe. The paradox of the ego is the main cause of extinction of all species, which as the human beings are unable to respect the infinity and power of the whole and consider themselves special sons of god, entitled to control and destroy nature, till the Newtonian laws of action reaction, extinguish them. Thus we define each of the infinite Aristotelian Gods, center of a surface of energy they move and prey on:
‘Every point of view=mind feels the center of the Universe, but it is only an infinitesimal Non-Euclidean point that stores a limited mapping of reality with its informative languages.’
We are all Atmans, informative CPUs, souls that gauge in different languages reality, to construct a mental mapping that caters to our point of view and arrows of time. So we create our ‘perceived Universe’ – a fact known from Descartes to Schopenhauer, but lost to ‘naïve, realist’ physicists. All of them thinking clocks are the only point that matters to measure time, and the human mind, the only ego that knots energy into form, since that is the only perspective they perceive. That is why most of history, humans thought the Earth to be the center of reality; and still think they are the only intelligent species.
6. The Universal Mandate: Maximize your existence.
Yet more fascinating than the philosophical argument is the mathematical formalism that explains the structure of those perceptive points, responsible for the general order of all parts and wholes of the Universe- the fractal, non-Euclidean points of the Universe, in mystique terms its souls.
Those points of view that we will define with Non-Euclidean mathematics in the next paragraph, represent the 4th dimension of social evolution and integration of 3 external ‘perpendicular dimensions’ of relative informative height, lineal motion and reproductive width (thought this 2 coordinates often vary, according to the environment and complex structure of the system, the height-dimension of information, which is the first to be established can be found in all systems).
For example, in the human mind, of electronic nature, the central S1,2 orbitals form a relative P.O.V. surrounded by 3 y,x,z p orbitals perpendicular to each other. The same structure is repeated in crystals and the NH+3 heads of amino acids in the 7.2 alkaline cytoplasm of the cell.
There is always a Point of View (biological jargon) or Non-Euclidean, Fractal point (Mathematical jargon) or ‘soul’ (mystique, existential jargon) that ‘integrates’ thanks to its control of a common language used for the system to code information (geometry in physics, electronic images in biological systems, verbal thought in sociological systems, digital languages in economic systems) the incoming flows of energy and information of the system. What is then the will or purpose of those points of view?
To maximize the function of existence, of its system, the Universal mandate of the program: Max. e x Max. I, which is achieved when E=I (mathematical rule: 5×5>9×1). This mandate of existence means that all p.o.v.s will try to perceive and absorb energy till they have enough to reproduce themselves, and then, they will be ‘forced’ to evolve socially in a dense environment of self-similar cells to survive.
In other words, the Universe is an infinite game of orgasms (-: Reproduction is the game.
∑: interactions and actions of all beings follow a pattern, of self-repetitive cycles, performed by each entity in a discontinuous cyclical manner, as the entity switches its modular ‘ego’ trying to maximize those 4 actions of existence, which is achieved mathematically for E=I, at ExI (Action of reproduction). The ego thus will have in any plane of existence a simple function to perform: Max E x I = K. For each domain of reality we defined therefore the field of an Ego-existence as, the function of God:
Max. E x I = K, which is maximized at points e=I, and max.I, which becomes the two first arrows of reality. The first one is called the arrow of space, energy, formless as both points equal, but the second function is a quantized function, which means the creation of more fractal information is the second arrow that maximizes the function of existence.
Once the function of existence of any plane of points of view that create linguistic worlds of truth is understood, you are into logic at the finest: The logic of existence, evolution and extinction, of the phases of the infinite cyclical actions its species perform.
The Bosonic point.
The creation of a bosonic zero point is the easiest form of maximizing the function of existence. This can be proved topologically and experimentally. The point is a Max.I, which strives to balance E=I, to create a max. ExI existential function for the whole EX I triple topological entity. This might be perceived as humans do with the perception of beauty (Max. I, i=e) and happiness (Max. E, i=e), which might be the ultimate will and sensations that resume the universal mandate.
Herds of undistinguishable bosons are also essential in the creation of membranes. They are also essential in parallel flows of bits and bites of information and energy transiting within or between planes of existence in the toroidal forms. Thus the creation of bosonic wholes from individual herds is key in the 3 type of networks that assembly together in functions of existence, E<=>I.
In the scale of particles all are bosons in the proper conditions, becoming undistinguishable. The result is the formation of a single new, condensed plane of existence to which each bosonic particle gives part of its existential momentum, creating a new fractal form, combination of the topological points fusion into the new form. The median of each S-T values for each individual field of energy and information create together a new topology that looks like a single one, as it has become either a toroid, sphere or hyperbolic new whole.
The system integration happens in all kind of forms, from neuronal integration to cpus and gravitational fields of multiple bodies: An internal zero point once formed calculates easily from its p.o.v. the forces of energy that pass through it, ‘subconsciously’ as it creates a pixelled image to perceive.
The duality of eusocial parallel love vs. Darwinian, destructive hunting.
All systems of the universe display a dual behavior: they prey on other systems to absorb their energy and information for their bodies and minds and they evolve eusocially with members of the same species to reproduce and become bigger, more complex eusocial super organisms, sharing energy and information through common networks that create a new whole made of cellular parts.
It is the duality of the arrows of love and hate. Yet the arrow of love is a better strategy as it is the arrow of creation that the arrow of death and hate.
So we can describe the universe under the arrow of love, as a whole whose parts are all made to its image and likeness guided by the laws of all cellular systems who strive to survive by evolving eusocially to become a cellular part of that whole.
The duality expresses geometrically in the first scale as parallelism (love, flow of information invisible to third observer, separates at equal distances, two self-similar beings, who share energy and information along a small gap between them, this might lead to ‘fusion love’ the beginning of reproduction, when the number of self-similar, lower scales of existence of the couple in lower scales and higher ones is maximized. Then we find a quantization factor, ∑∑=∏ as the two polar species who have attracted each other, start to develop through its complex arrows of reproduction and love, more perpendicular networks of causalities that join its lower and higher planes of existence, with other forces and membranes that make the informative field of fractal information caused by the frequency an regularity of their get together arrows of shared experience…
From the first electrons that merge in spin/anti-spin sexuality till the last human being, this function is essential to complete the equation of existence, as informative ‘networks’ ∏ are stronger than mere, herds, ∑, which are connected only in the evident, i-plane of existence, while they perform their arrow. Herds follow the search for an arrow normally energy, sometimes information, but when information is what it is transferred, herds tend to evolve in networks in which there are causal memories that chain the system to other systems, neuronal networks of white matter in neurons and brains, electromagnetic cables in machines of information, etc. So we write:
∑i=∏, where i is the number of scales across which the network of information exists and controls with its bits and networks. Thus we write the equation of a complex organism as:
∑Ei<=>∏Ti±1= ∑ | x ∑i±1 O
The second notation is visual, geometric, as the universe is indeed a game of topologies in action, where the lineal, planar form of energy limbs/fields are ordered internally by mixed fields, X, guided by an informative head of bits of information that form both an internal language of control of the body/field and an external sensorial absorption of external information.
Evol-Devol. The cycle of life and death and the causality inferred by zero points.
The point of view or zero point that creates a ‘mind’, a fleeting stillness in the flows of energy that converge on it, is the knot that shows the will or at least calculates, integrates the flows of energy and information creating solutions to the synchronicity of flows and opportunities tending to follow the mandate of existence. The zero points seem to have the will to accomplish the mathematical solutions for forces and masses to follow the principle of minimal action. The zero point commits little errors it is intelligent it seems to have embedded the program. How the program evolves, invaginating first a sphere that reproduces and becomes a torus with a first ‘feeding axis’, which finds the central cells, more sensitive, and soon evolving into more complex informative networks, how those networks invaginate the body and communicate the inner and outer sides of the hemisphere and sphere (convex and concave topologies), etc. can be explained with the science of topology the why, the constant creation of cycles of life and wills and knots of time that want to order committing actions that maximize its function of existence, requires to fly further with your own will and empathize with the will fo all tknots of time cycles of the Universe.
All those individual, internal and external sub-scycles of a being are finally, disitilled once more by a new translation of the flows to a ‘alanguage’, in the human brain from chemical impulses and messages of hormonal chacater of ther est of the body. And all that appears as emotions and other neuronal fiels of electric energgy resumed in the mapping of perception of the mind, combined with the external mapping, with the 3 key mappings of the human brain (the verbal axis,s visual axis and emotional axis, z-x-y…, which reflects its maximal activities of energy and information)
The integration once and again of the will of each scale into new networks and the formation once and again of the same scales of reality deprting of the smaller, the printing an reprinting of reality – that is the intend,e huse, constant never stopping, in a universe of motions, game of realty.
The stillness of a zero point is a silent moennt of perception and the essence of the orgasm of a mind in peace with it all, ampped all it, and fluxed all it as lights of inner beauty to the hardware that the software runs with pleasure fields… the zero point seems to bee effortless but it is the final prouct of a a trillizon or zillion years of evolution of the game in its search for the ideal form.
And what you see what you perceive, whaat you undersands as beauty is the sensations of the fulfillment in balance of exi-k, your energy and infroamtion actions, forms and energies in balance is beauty and beaity is the state of the mind of full accomplishment of once thoughts and actions. In this manner in each being, in each language in each mind there will be a point of nivtante, in each insect orstar robot or human mind, mirror of beauty of a satisfying exi=K existence is balances… that is the art of existence, which all particles practices each in its own language.
RECAP. The 4-dimensional Universe is a simple game of 3 topologies of space, which correspond to 3 functions in time, the energetic, spatial, concave, spherical or planar membrane; the reproductive, cyclical, toroidal body; and the hyperbolic, warped, informative, still center of perception.
This simple a priori limited structure can adapt infinite self-similar forms as each ternary function absorbs energy that transforms in still perception or reproductive, self-similar clones of one self. Two primordial forms, the lineal, bilateral system or the cyclical, spherical seed are the most common of the Universe. Some forms might even switch between both states. Yet the 4 actions and 3 topologies and 3 ‘ages’ of dominance of one or other function and form remain in all systems that go from energetic young stages into informative ones.
All those simple similarities allow us to define a general system of simple equations that represent with topological symbols the causal and dynamic processes and events between the different parts of a ternary system and the system and the external Universe.
A new methodology and language, more advanced that the simple Aristotelian unicausal logic and Euclidean mathematics is needed; a new philosophy of science – organicism – and an emphasis in the qualities more than the quantities, in geometry more than arithmetic, in time functions more than spatial structures, in harmony and balance and feed-back, dual flows of causality more than in individual, entropy –based mechanist, digital, abstract models of reality. Let us consider this new method of knowledge to extract of the information relevant to the complex structure of its real systems.
ACT III. THE TERNARY METHOD: 3±1 SCALES, 3±1 AGES, 3±1 TOPOLOGIES
We have now all the elements of the game: the actions p.o.v.s. perform which are the ‘dimensions’ of spatial perception; the temporal dimension, integrated through a language by the p.o.v. and the Mandate – Game of maximal exi=stence they all play. And with those elements we can understand everything else in the Universe. To that aim General Systems Sciences follows the ‘ternary method’, as all systems will structure themselves in:
– Continuous ‘space’ through the 3 topologies of a 4-Dimensional Universe, in organs of energy, information, reproduction and a ‘4th’ element, the P.O.V. that integrates the parts into the whole.
– In discontinuous ‘fractal’ scales of size and information through 3 scales, the ‘cellular’, individual and social scales, which will interact with each other.
– In continuous time, through 3±1 ages in which energy (youth), reproduction (maturity) and information (3rd age) will dominate between birth and extinction.
– And in ‘discontinuous time’, through the alternacy of its 3+1 actions of feeding, informing, reproducing and evolving socially.
Thus the ternary method consists in studying those 3+1 structures that exhaust the knowledge of any Universal system. To notice though the difference between the 3 ‘actions/arrows/dimensions of space’, energy, information and its combination, reproduction, which ‘occupy’ often 3 perpendicular Euclidean dimensions (height=information, length=motion, width=reproduction) and the 4th ‘integrative’ arrow of ‘time’ and social evolution, represented by the point of view, which is also the point that ‘emerges in a bigger scale as the unit that represents the whole. This difference will become essential to understand the differences between 3-dimensional space and time, between determinism and freedom and so on.
7. Emergence and the scalar Universe. The 3 fractal scales of all systems.
The network structure of all systems and its complex arrows of reproduction and social evolution show a key property of the Universe, its scalar, fractal scale. As when the first cell is born, it feeds, reproduces, evolves socially and creates finally a new superorganism or whole of the new scale, a human being, which is born as a new unit of a social superorganism, nation or civilization. This happens also in physical systems: social particles become atoms that become molecules that either become cells that become organisms that become societies or become planets and social stars that become galaxies that become Universes. Two laws of all systems derive from the scalar, emergent nature of the wholes:
All systems share the properties of their lower scales that emerge in the higher scales of existence of the system. Thus the geometric properties of space-time are shared by all its upper, more complex scales; the electromagnetic properties of quantum numbers are shared by all atomic species; the biochemistry of cellular life by higher organisms, and the individual behaviour of human beings transcend into the socio-cultural behaviour of social super-organisms; and our forms and vital functions are also expressed in the world of memes of metal we construct.
– All systems co-exist in 3 scales of reality:
The lower scale, which provides the bites and bits of energy and information the body, limbs and head of the system need to survive. This is the lower i-2 scale of the system. It is the scale of particles of information and forces of energy in the physical scale – for example, quantum numbers in an electron; the genetic scale of informative genes and carbohydrate molecules of energy in biological organisms and the memetic scale of instruments and ideological ‘neuronal networks’ in sociological organisms (memes of life or ‘human goods’ of the welfare state in human superorganisms; and memes of metal in economic ecosystems).
The i-1 intermediate scale, of atoms made of informative quarks and energetic electrons’ the biological scale of cells and the human scale of individuals in sociological organisms of history and corporations, the ‘free citizens’ of markets in economical organisms.
The i-upper scale of the Whole, molecular systems in physical organisms (of the size of entire planets sometimes), the scale of living organisms in biology and the scale of human cultures and economic ecosystems (markets) in sociological organisms. The reader could observe that the whole of biological organisms (humans) becomes in fact the i-1 scale of sociological organisms. So each 3 scales we can consider a ‘new game’ of emergence. And in fact the Universe is a scalar of infinite scales, as we can observe that the scale of galaxies is self-similar to the scale of atoms in many equations (black holes can be modeled as quark stars and star nebulae can be modeled as electronic nebulae; in fact Einstein modeled the Universe considering each galaxy a hydrogen atom).
The laws of emergence relate the different scales of reality and its functions. One subset of emergence laws is the laws of transcendence. How the arrows of the i-1 scale of ‘cellular’ existence transcend as bits and bites of information and energy of the next scale. The general rule is the following:
– Arrow of reproduction of the lower scale-> Arrow of energy of the next scale. That is, the reproduction of entities of i-1 provides the ‘staple food’ of the next scale.
– Arrow of social evolution of the lower scale-> Arrow of in/form/ation or form of the upper scale. That is, the social evolution of an entity of i-1 tends to happen when that entity enters the structural form of the upper scale.
For example, the 3rd quantum number, or magnetic number of social evolution of electrons is the key number to explain the form of complex molecular orbitals. The reproductive wave of photons and its speed becomes the feeding arrow of electrons that jump to absorb them.
The reproduction of cells structures the form of organisms. The reproduction of carbohydrates feeds the cell; the social evolution of amino acids in proteins and proteins and fats structures the form of cellular membranes. And so on:
Rei-1 -> Ei ; Social Evolution (∑i-1) -> Structural form (Ii).
The seven dimensions/scales of any system.
Shakespeare said we were all heroes or buffoons, depending on our perspective from above and from bellow. The paradox of the ego consists in the incapacity of humans to perceive the ‘above’ structures, which are ‘disconnected’ apparently because the networks of information that join them are invisible (so we do not see the networks of words that communicate us, or the flows of money that cre(dit)ate the economic system). So as we only perceive the smaller scales in detail as ‘wholes’ we feel like heroes.
In fact, if we consider for each ‘relative universe/superorganism’ a relative i-scale centered in the individual p.o.v. each system can be considered to exist between ‘7 scales of perception’ with clearly different roles:
There are scales at i-n that we do not perceive at all. It is the ‘nothingness’, in our case the gravitational space.
Then it comes the i-3 scale of pixels of minimal size that we use as information. In humans it is the light, and electronic space.
Then it comes the i-2 scale that we feed on. It is the atomic, amino acid, molecular space.
Next it comes the i-1 scale of our seed. It is the cellular scale.
Then it comes our scale of social evolution, or i. It is the human social scale.
But beyond we are for the higher scales exactly all what we perceive below. So we are sons of the next scale, which for any species will be called the generator.
We are food, energy for the next scale that we call the predator. In cultures, we are prey of those who exploit us as workers under salaries, citizens under laws, military… the people-castes of our society.
We are finally perceived as a mere pixel, a number, a poll vote, by the ‘system’, the whole social organism in which we exist for whom we are just an objective point of a whole.
And beyond there is of course God, the last scale, unperceived, the Laws of all systems, that explain all super-organisms, not only the social one we exist in.
Thus from our point of view, we are the most important point of the Universe, and all what we see is below us, our relative energy. Yet we exist between 9 scales, two invisible, 3 under us, 3 over us, and we, in the middle:
The scale of nothingness, the scale of bits, the scale of bites, the scale of seeds, the scale of Is, the scale of the generator, the scale of the predator, the scale of the ‘system’ and the scale of God. And this is truth for all systems and species. Because information occupies no space, lasts longer in time and all systems evolves towards those informative super organic scales, those facts leads to the 9th point, the relative dimensions of past, present and future.
The easiest question is here: how much of the external Universe the function ∏Oi, absorbs/perceives? The simplest of them, a pi circle, of 3.14-3 =0.14 apertures through its ternary membrane, is a paradigmatic, basic ‘function of existence’, and represents a 96% of ‘dark matter’ not perceived by the system, Curiously is the same than it is left in dark to the electronic image we perceive of the Universe (dark matter of the universe) Thus we could consider the electro-magnetic mind of a human being, to be in its ultimate, simplest structure of perception, the photon, limited to a possible ‘light, final structure of a pi 3-dimensional cyclical ‘worm’ like photonic H-Planck ‘snake’ that as it traces its 3-dimensional balls of electromagnetism, absorbed from the prior, dark matter universe of gravitational, scalar field (short of a Higgs, with improved equations), brings about the first jump from ‘nothingness’ to the first scale of perception.
But what is the nothingness, not perceived, the perfect form not perceived, the 0 x ∞ = K.
The limits of each perception of each knot of cyclical actions of the Universe.
Thus, the scales and species we observe between ‘nothingness’ (∞ E x 0 I) and ‘God’, (∞ I x 0 E) are:
1st scale: Euclidean Light-space-time and Non-Euclidean Gravitational space-time. They are the Energetic-Informative duality of space-times in which our reality is built.
2nd scale: Fundamental particles; energetic electrons, fractals of photons; and informative quarks, dominant in gravitational forces.
3rd scale: Atoms.
And so these 3 scales form together the simplest superorganisms of reality, the atom.
Then we start again, with atoms as the basic i-1 element of the new ternary superorganism:
3rd scale: Atoms.
4th scale: Molecules & Matter (states: energetic gas, balanced liquid, informative solid).
5th scale: Planets & stars.
This ‘energetic version’ of atomic structures has its duality with the informative version, life:
Life: 3rd scale: Atoms; 4th scale: Molecules; 5th scale: Cells.
And so we start a new ternary system through 3 more scales:
5th scale: Planets & stars; 6th scale: Solar systems; 7th scale: Galaxies.
Life: 5th scale: cells; 6th scale: tissues; 7th scale: Organisms.
And finally we arrive to the last scalar structures:
7th scale: Galaxies; 8th scale: Clusters; 9th scale: Universes.
Life: 7th scale: Memes; 8th scale: Humans; 9th scale: History.
Now the reader would observe that this classification of scales differs from the one of the graphic, as we stretch further the structure of living organisms. The point is that each scale can be divided in 3 scales, as all points are complex superorganisms. So descriptions might vary from 1 to 3 to 9 scales depending on detail and in this book we shall analyze in more detail life beings. Some obvious facts though of the previous scales: the i-1 and i+1 scales are ‘complete’ systems, tending to spherical, still, informative shapes and the intermediate scale is the more ‘active’ complex organism. So photons and atoms have the active intermediate scale of particles. Between atoms and planets we have the active intermediate state of states of matter. Between atoms and cells, the molecular active scale. Between cells and organisms, the active tissue-organs scale; between human’ heads’ and history the memetic scale.
This is the relative i-scale in which the entity that in the chain of scales might be just a ‘bite or bit’ i-1 form and an i+1 whole, works more and interacts, ‘lives’… To notice also that all systems are part of a chain, or as Shakespeare put it, we are all Gods, humans and buffoons depending on the perspective.
9. The ternary method. Definition of knowledge
In the graph, all systems perceive at least one language, interpreting with the same ‘grammar’ reality, to localize its energy, information, reproduce, evolve socially and try not to devolve, becoming preys of other systems. In the next graph we observe how different species perceive with different languages the Universe, but all of them ‘share’ some of those codes, specially the geometrical one. So all heads are on top. Yet each head is different in each scale and talks a different grammar, albeit with the same universal grammar, which reflects the fundamental equation of the Universe: E<=>I.
Ternary Universal grammar expresses the arrows in verbal languages and human super organisms.
Given the simplicity of the Game of Existence – despite its infinite complexity in its details, iterations and combinations, all species, from the simplest atom to the biggest structure can play the game and understand it and relate to all other species, which will play the same game from their selfish point of view. And so all individuals of each species plays the game, and ‘talks’ about it, with similar species and understand it with information provided by self-similar ‘ternary images’ provided by a language that shares the properties and emergent qualities acquired in each scale.
But of more interest for General systems theory is the ternary structure of all linguistic systems in all scales; what we call the Universal Grammar, such as:
Space-Dimensions: Height (informative dimension) <Width (reproduction) > Length (energetic motion)
Mathematical languages: X < Operandi> Y
Forces: Particles (information) < Universal constant: action, exi or ratio e/I > forces (energy)
Code of Colors: Blue (information) < Green/Yellow (Reproduction) > Red (energy)
Verbal code: A (Informative, I-subject) <verb/operandi (action) > Object (energy)
A(Human) < verb (action) > Object (energy of human)
It follows that not only mathematics (geometry) is a mother science but also logic (the analysis of the causal processes determine by those arrows) is even more essential, and further on ‘evolution’, the evolution of forms and functions in temporal patterns summons them all. So those 3 sciences, spatial geometry, temporal logic and its combination, evolutionary theory, are the ‘3 subdivisions’ of general systems sciences, which apply to each science explain it all.
Over them, there is general systems sciences, the science this book can be considered its foundational book (as it formalizes and structures and advances all previous works done on it.) Below them, each specific science studies a scale of social evolution in the universe from the smallest physical systems, to its complex biological organizations and beyond its social organizing systems.
Since science consists in the definition of the type of points of each relative scale of size of reality, from the quantum scale studied by physics, through the intermediate human scales studied by biological and sociological sciences to the higher scale study by cosmology
Once those points are defined, each science studies their 4 actions, which define all its events and forms.
Study of the 3+1 actions: its bits of information, bites of energy, reproductive seeds and grammar.
Yet we study those actions through the 3 scales of size of the system, its bits and bites, normally of the smallest scales of existence, since:
– We perceive with the minimal bits we can process to create the more detailed maps (<i-2).
– We eat sometimes, similar species but break them into smaller parts (i<2). For example we eat meat but break it into amino acids, below the cellular level.
– We reproduce a seed from the lower plane of existence (i-1). So we produce seminal cells and electrons reproduce emitting photons that collide and recreate an electron.
– And finally we communicate with a language of information at the same level we exist (i), in order to create a more complex whole (i+1).
Thus we observe, as in many other laws we will be developing in this book, an infinite number of harmonies between sizes, ages, forms, functions in all scales of existence.
Actions are expressed with bites and bits of inferior scales. We perceive the smaller possible ‘bits’ (<i-2), eat bites of the inferior i-2 scales, reproduce with seeds of the i-1 scale and share energy and information with species of the same scale to create.
The bits of information (i-2), will usually be entities at least two smaller scales of existence. The smaller they are, the more detailed the map made with its ‘pixels’ will be. So we can consider the possible existence of ‘gravitational minds’ that perceive a scale inferior to us.
For example our eyes perceive light photons, the minimal scale of form. Ants perceive chemical pheromones; computers perceive electronic flows; all of them ‘forms’ of a minimal scale in relationship to the species that perceive.
The bites of energy will be pieces of the same or inferior scale. So we eat ‘living beings’; electrons feed in the lower scale of light; and black holes in stars. Yet once a system feeds it will further reduce what it feeds on another scale to obtain basic bricks to reconstruct once form through ‘2 scales’. So our body reduces food to amino acids, the minimal parts of life. And electrons probably reduce light to its magnetic and electric constants to create their fractal nebulae. And nations that conquer other nations reduce their people, minimal unit of the nation to slavery and take their gold to print their own coins.
So as we move upwards in the complexity of the actions we study there is a ‘growth’ of informative similarity of the bites and bits and a growth in size, such as informative bits are less similar and smaller than the bites of energy we feed. And this pattern continues when we consider the ‘expressions’ of the actions of social evolution and reproduction.
The expressions of social evolution are languages, which are naturally produced by the informative center of the system; except in the case of enzymatic evolution in which the language is external to the species (a species which acts as the reproducer and catalyser of evolution of other species; cells with viruses, humans with machines metal atoms with carbohydrates and so on). So the language is a ‘part’ of the being, often corresponding to an i-1 inner structure, though transported by an external force.
Finally the larger, closer form to the organism is its reproductive seed. And hence by the law of parallelism between species, the ‘bit’ of information for which the organism cares more: small quarks among simple particles, cellular seeds in life; jets of matter in galaxies.
Synchronic study: the 3+1, physiological structures.
The study of the ‘actions’ of a being leads to the study of the ‘physiological’ parts, the systems that perform those actions, processing its energy and information, reproducing the system and ‘speaking its language’ as the ‘P.O.V.’, soul or point that integrates the parts into a whole. For example, in the first mathematical scale, where ‘numbers’ are sets of self-similar cells, the tetrarkys is a perfect system, with 3 x 3 corners of the triangle performing according to orientation the 3 simpler actions, of energy, information and reproduction, while the central point equidistant from the other 3 sub-systems becomes the integration, point of view. And this structure will be find in crystals, molecules, organic molecules, ‘pi’ circles with ‘3’ curved units and ‘0’14 apertures, atoms with 3 valences that are the informative atoms of life (nitrogen).
And each part will itself become differentiated in 3+1 parts. And so in this manner we can classify and explain the morphological evolution of all systems.
For example, in the graph, we see the neocortex, the integrating organ of the languages of human perception, which displays its 3 ‘dimensional axis’ of language (width, temporal region and temporal, informative language of mankind), vision (length, occipital region and spatial language of mankind) and body-emotional control (height axis, parietal region, which should also include the motor cortex), which are all integrated by the forehead.
In that sense the 4th, integrative point of any system might seem redundant as it becomes a mirror of the functions of all the others, but it is a secondary, passive mirror, which does not act directly but orders and chooses between the other cycles, switching the actions of the whole to fulfil them all in balance.
The synchronic analysis is ultimately a dual study of functions and forms together, as the 3 morphological topologies of a 4 dimensional Universe will define the functions of those systems (an energy, continuous, lineal, planar or spherical shallow, membrane; a hyperbolic, tall, discontinuous or dense central point (the ‘ball’ of the sphere or inner part) that will be the information system, and a cyclical, elliptic or conic reproductive system, combination of the other two shapes. So for example, our limbs are lineal, our body conical and our brain hyperbolic, on top, the ‘inner ball’ of the head.
Diachronic systems: study in time of actions, life cycles and evolutionary cycles.
Finally we study systems through its 3±1 ages in time, between +birth and – death, as energy reproduces and becomes warped in information.
And we do so also in 3 scales of duration, the scale of actions – so each cycle will have those phases – the scale of individual – so all individuals will have a life-death cycle – and the same of species that will be born from a first individual ‘cell’, grow, radiate, speciate and become extinct. As all those processes are similar, all of them with the same causal order, albeit different exi ‘volume’, hence size and duration:
i-1 (seed of information)-> Energetic action/age/species-> exi action/reproductive age/radiation of species->informative action/3rd age/speciation-> End of action/Death/Extinction.
Since species are super-organisms and individuals its cells, the same type of studies apply to evolution.
The ternary, fractal structure of systems means we can repeat those 3 analysis in higher scales (where the species studied becomes a cellular bit, bite, seed or phoneme of a bigger being), or make a detailed analysis of each subsystem and ‘part’ that has inner sub-parts and scales, or study the multiple choices of bits and bites of each species, which as it becomes more complex have higher degrees of freedom of choice’ and so on.
Thus the ‘ternary method’ exhausts all the knowledge we require from any being, knot of actions of energy and time, which has 3+1 morphological systems, subdivided each in 3+1 subsystems, across 3 scales of size; who exist 3±1 ages, in 3 scales of time, short actions, life/death cycles and creation, evolution and extinction as a species.
We also resumed the main tenants of G.S.T. in 3 x 3 points, related to the actions, super-organisms and ternary method of knowledge. Now, once we have defined ‘the thoughts of god’, the 10th point of the Decalogue, will consider some of its details – the proofs of those 9 laws, which are all the species and events of… the entire Universe and beyond.
The Zero Point, as integrator of the entire system.
Ultimately what defines the game of existence is the interaction between individual zero points with ‘rotational coordinates’ with them in the center and 4 ‘actions/quadrants’ of different perception, and its universals, herds and networks that appear as wholes. The construction under the laws of survival, its paradoxes, tugs-of-war and balances creates and destroys the systems of the Universe. What we see are logical chains of points of view that find in their association an efficient, positive strategy of survival that maximizes the actions of all its points. The function of maximization of the actions, momentum, top predator force, exi, coordinates of a polar point of view is the game we all play.
The simplest strategy is absolute selfishness, absolute polar coordinates with the I-0 point in complex subjective vision of distances as related to it as the center of the Universe. It sees it all static and dead, one-self as maximal form of information even energy. In reality all what the pov sees as static in space is a simultaneous assembly which at certain level of speed and detail appears as a contant flow of beings of information and energy in parallel herds or/and hierarchical planes of space or time that are complex organisms in themselves. If the Pov had all the information available in all the scales of size and speed that surround it all would seem living.
The Pov is however always diffeomorphic, subjective, relativistic and yet it will enter with other povs in relationships fixed by the overall roles of i-logic geometry and its formal/functional dualities.
Certain basic geometrical laws will therefore guide our undersanding of ethic behavior, as function and form are also related here in the manner in which povs relate and share energy and form. The first rule of ‘ethical geometry’ is:
X – Perpendicularity between hierarchical, preying-predator systems: Preys and predators penetrate each other’s vital space absorbing energy and information.
< = > – Parallelism between entitites of a herd or network that work together. They maintain the same distance and emit and absorb energy and information through an exchange of smaller particles. Those situations create constant bondage that maintains a balance between the elements. Those 2 symbols thus derived from the original spatial exi, or temporal e< = > I expressions of the function of existence now have ‘real’, formal meaning also. Perpendicular systems engage in fast, often Darwinian destructive exchanges of energy and information. Parallel systems are more subtle and transfer at an inferior i-1 level, bits and bites of energy and information.
Conclusion. General Systems sciences the philosophy of science of reality.
Systems of energy and information networks can be described not only with the logic of organisms but also mathematically, because as Plato put it, ‘numbers are forms’, meaning that a set of self-similar entities are a number and so mathematics, the science of numbers, is by definition a social science. Further on those numbers create social networks with form: so 1 is the point, 2 are the line, 3 is the network and 4 the square and so on. Thus each number defines in geometry certain topological forms that favor certain flows of energy and information between the points of the network. Function becomes form and complex i-logic and topology come together as the formal tools to study the self-similar laws of all systems, the whys of the Universe, which complete the ‘how’ of the paradigm of metric measure that preceded General Systems Sciences. Since the details are still studied by the paradigm of measure.
Reality though is never static, beyond the detailed measures of the 3rd paradigm, because geometry becomes now the more generic discipline of topology; planes and forms become networks and distances become flows between points, which can be described with feed-back equations, EóI, no longer with equalities.
Biology is in fact the central science of the 4th paradigm of social networks, since organic systems are traditionally studied by Biological Sciences. Thus, the 4th paradigm or ‘why’ of the Universe, based in organicism, expands many of the laws of Biology to all other sciences. It also adds many laws of Physics, topology and new mathematical discoveries (fractal and non-Euclidean geometries), creating a corpus of knowledge that applies to all realities, formalized by 2 relatively new disciplines, General Systems Sciences and Duality:
Duality studies the self-similar laws of all complementary networks of energy and information: Physical entities are made with fields of energetic forces and particles of information; biological entities have heads of neuronal information and bodies of energy. Gender is the duality of female, informative, reproductive beings and male, energetic, spatial ones.
Those systems are made of ‘cellular parts’ that create social networks, which evolve becoming wholes; fractal units of a larger whole in a bigger scale of space-time. And so General systems studies how networks evolve socially from parts into wholes, called ‘systems’, units of bigger social wholes.
Reality evolves in scales of size under the same organic laws of dual, complementarity networks of energy and information that become units of new wholes: The Universe evolves from particles into atoms into molecules, cells and solar systems, organisms, societies, planets, galaxies and Universes under those self-similar laws of social networks – the why of reality.
Thus Systems Science completes our search for the why of the events and forms of Universal entities.
Advances in sciences always depart from the evolution of mathematics and logic, the languages of space and time of the human mind. In the 4th paradigm the 5 postulates of i-logic geometry based in the concept of a fractal point, achieve that evolution: Leibniz, Einstein and Riemann, who in the XIX c. realized that ‘through a point infinite parallels can cross’ (5th postulate of non-Euclidean geometry) are the points of departure. ‘Non-Euclidean points’ with form and motion, made of knots of time cycles, are the final elements needed to understand the why of the Universe. They socialize into networks that become points of a higher scale, which reproduce and organize new networks; and so the Universe keep growing in fractal scales, from particles that organize networks and become atoms that organize networks and become molecules that organize networks and become cells, that become organisms, that become planetary societies; while planets and stars form gravitational networks that become galaxies, organized by dark matter into Universal networks. Thus each Non-E, fractal point is a world in itself – a topological point with a volume of energy and information that relate it to other points through waves, which carry energy and information and create networks that warp into bigger points.
All what exists are cycles of space-time gathered in knots called Non-Euclidean points, gathered in complementary networks of energy and information; which become the physical systems of reality. Thus the 4th paradigm uses the new mathematics of non-Euclidean geometry, topology and fractals and the new logic of multiple time cycles, to define a new fundamental particle of space-time, the fractal point – a world of space-time in itself – an entity made with 3 networks of energy, information and reproduction, which constantly try to feed, inform and reproduce the point. Those Non-Euclidean points of energy and information evolve into networks, forming organic systems. Each system becomes then a unit-point of a bigger network, determining the dominant arrow of creation: social evolution in growing scales of self-similar forms.
The Universe is a game of chained time cycles that form knots and networks, which carry the information of the Universe. The evolution of parts into social wholes with form is the why of it all.
All those points perceive a limited reality decoded as information, extracted from the flows of energy its relative perspective and informative parts can observe. All points of view in the Universe move and gauge the information about the limited reality they perceive, creating with those exchanges of information and energy a mapping of reality. And so only the sum of all those st-points creates the absolute Space-Time of the Cartesian plane, whose rods of measure and time clocks are those of the human ‘point’ – our eye ball, who sees light and measures space with a rod of light and see space with the 3 perpendicular dimensions of light (the magnetic, electric and c-speed fields).
IV. EXPERIMENTAL PROOFS:
ACTIONS, AGES AND NETWORKS OF THE MAIN SCALES OF THE UNIVERSE.
The 4 actions of energy and information or 4 local dimensions of space-time beings, or 4 arrows of temporal existence, self-similar jargons for the ‘4 letters of God’, if you were to use mystique terms, are: In/Form/ation, Energy, Reproduction and Social Evolution through a linguistic network.
Those 3+1 actions of space-time define all events of all entities of the Universe. Their study under the ternary method gives us the why of those entities, its actions, ages in time, scales and topologies in space – all the ‘details’ of each particular ‘function of existence’, EóI, which is one of the ‘infinite’ expressions of the ‘Program of the Universe’, each one a being of reality.
So those actions are expressed by the 3+1 dimensions of space-time in the scale of forces, by the 4 quantum numbers in the scale of particles, by the 4 nucleotides in the scale of DNA and RNA molecules; by the different organelles of cells; by the senses and physiological systems of organisms, the 3+1 drives of social organisms, the 4 actions that we all humans perform, the 4 ‘memes’ of metal that together shape the economic ecosystem (simplex energetic weapons and informative money and complex reproductive factories and informative networks of machines.)
Let us then resume those 4 time arrows, actions and topologies, considered in more details in different books of this series, for the ‘main ternary scales’ of Universal super-organism, both in matter and life:
I. ATOMIC SUPER-ORGANISMS.
1st scale: The 4 dimensions of space-time
Space-time is not abstract. The Galilean paradox of perception shows that it is made of light as light is what we see and what we consider space. It has the same 3 Euclidean dimensions plus color. It always remains some light (background radiation) in space-time. And so we shall talk of a ‘substance’, light-space. Then Einstein discovered that there is space-time we do not see, larger than the Euclidean light-space, or gravitational space, which was also more curved. But we are not concerned here with the substance and form of that more complex, bigger ‘scale of reality’.
Light is our space-time. Thus the 4 dimensions of light and human space-time are the same.
They express the 4 ‘vital arrows’ of light as a complementary species of energy and information:
1. The arrow of energy and motion is expressed in the magnetic field.
2. The arrow of information and form is expressed in the electric field.
3. The arrow of reproduction in the dimension of length, the speed of light, c, which Maxwell deduced by multiplying the other two arrows, exi (Maxwell equations)
4. And the arrow of social evolution in its colors, which are groups of frequencies, gathering of multiple photons.
Yet since the Universe is relative in all its directions, those 3+1 arrows must be considered relative to the point of view of the Observer (relativity theory). That means that when the arrows ‘emerge’, the so-called ‘diffeomorphic principle applies’. The arrows and dimensions of a being might change orientation. For example in humans, relative height is the arrow of information, as all systems need perspective to perceive. So in sociological systems the priest, the politician or the antenna is also on top.
Yet in plants, which absorb form, information, atoms from the floor, the roots are their relative ‘high’, and the energetic ‘leaves’ the relative ‘low’, opposite to that of animals, which prey on plants and have the head on top, as they get information from the sun. But this example proves certain basic relationships between the 4 arrows of time, which dimensions express: The arrow of energy and information are opposite (two dimensional beings) or perpendicular (some 3 dimensional ones), as they are all their geometrical properties (lines vs. cycles, planar or spherical vs. hyperbolic topologies in 4 D, etc.). Both are then perpendicular to the arrow of reproduction. So in lineal systems, the head is on top, on bottom the limbs and in the middle the arrow of reproduction. That is the case of human beings. In electromagnetic fields, energy and information, electric and magnetic fields are perpendicular and they are perpendicular to the 3rd arrow of reproduction.
Those 3 arrows thus are found in all systems, as it is a fundamental law of emergence that the properties of a simpler system, emerge in the more complex systems created by the social evolution of individual cells of the smaller scale into the higher scale. So all systems, which are made of complex light condensates do have functional/formal dimensions related to its own arrows of time.
And this is the ultimate reason why the World is mathematical.
For example, humans have the high dimension of informative heads, the low dimension of lineal limbs, the perpendicular central dimension of erectile penis, which are inverted in the ‘energetic, male species’ and the ‘informative, female one’ (inward uterus). While the body reproduces its cells in the dimension of width, and fat people are ‘wide’ so are strong, muscle-driven one.
So finally the 4th dimension, which is NOT necessarily a space dimension, but might be, as it is related to the organization of reproduced cells. So we could consider that the same width and length are the dimensions that give volume to the body. But the 4th dimension is always more complex, it is really a dimension of temporal information, a linguistic dimension, a dimension of perception. So it is color, a language that animals use to survive and orientate their existence in the life ecosystem. In our organism the language is chemical for the internal cells and nervous for the whole organism. Yet as emergence exists in all processes, the nervous system often translates its language into chemical messages (hormones, calcium expression of synaptic messages), to ‘talk’ to the lower level of cellular existence.
In a more complex analysis, what we call light space-time is really an Euclidean space with motion and so the existence of a mathematical substrata of geometric nature and 4-dimensionality in all systems of electromagnetism, which is the essential force of our universe, should not surprise us. The nature though of the multiple worlds and points of view, minds and representations of the information of the Universe, entities of light space-time store are many; and the mathematics of them are fractal and non-Euclidean.
2nd scale: the quantum numbers express the 4 dimensions of electronic and quark superorganisms.
Head-on collision of a quark (red ball) with a gluon (green ball), from protons with opposite spin, represented by blue cycles. The particles ejected from the collision are a shower of quarks and one photon. The simplest particles, quarks and electrons reproduce, even if anthropomorphism denies that ‘meaning’ but require a different spin orientation – the ‘sexual factor’ of simple particles. We shall see once and again that mechanism and denial of organicism is not a ‘reasonable doubt’ but a question of egocentric beliefs –humans always prefer a theory, as bizarre as they might be, that make him the center of the Universe.
The next scale is made of social, fractal gatherings of light photons and the language of expression of those fractal organisms of photons, called electrons are the 4 quantum numbers:
An electron traces energetic cycles described by the principal quantum number; feeds on energy, changing the spatial form of its trajectory, a fact explained by the secondary quantum number, orientates its spin to leave space to an identical but inverted ‘genre’, an action described by its spin number, and gauges magnetic information to organize itself socially, an action described by the magnetic number.
So the first quantum number indicates its body-energy, the second number its structural form, the spin number its reproductive duality in each shell and the 4th number uses the language of magnetic information to evolve socially in networks of particles.
And those 4 numbers define the electron as a Non-Euclidean quantum knot of complementary energy and information. The similarity of quantum electrodynamics and quark chromodynamics shows that the same concept roughly applies to define the other fundamental particle of the Universe – the quark.
The electronic world thus move along 3 fundamental scales: it is the upper scale of the world of light and the lower scale of the world of atoms enslaved by the central quarks and vice versa: the electrons encase the quarks and its forces within the interior of the atom, forming a superorganism regulated in its actions of existence and complementary structure by the 4 forces, which are the ‘expression’ of the actions of those initial bricks of life.
The Magnetic field.
It has to be understood the magnetic field as created by a spiral electric field. Thus it is created by the electron as its ‘informative language’. Its effects are similar to those caused by two particles that enter in communication: the alignment of its ‘existential momentum’ exi to ‘start’ a parallel trajectory/ conversation. In tis case the magnetic field emited by a electric charge, conforms the electron to a parallel trajectory and so any magnetic field ‘talks’ and makes socialize any other group of electrons. X-Perpendicularity with contact, are relationships proper of feeding, energetic relationship[s; =-parallelism, is proper of informative flows. We conclude that magnetic fields are the informative language of particles as electric fields are its energetic, motion component. The B-field by exercising a force both perpendicular to the v of the electron and the magnetic field emited by other electric flow causes the electron to deviate in parallel to the emitter, creating a grow of order and synchronicity, which is the essential first step of creation of ehrds and social organisms – a force of parallelism that approximates in parallel flows herds of self-simialr beings and we observe in all systems. In the atomic system is caused by the magnetic field that aligns the spin of particles and cause motions that do not affect the energy/celerity of the particle but its orientation in space. As such is akin to the centripetal force in the similar gravitational world of macrocosmic masses. As the responsible for the location and change of position, and group behavior of different particles, the magnetic field becomes the informative field of electrons. But where it comes from ultimately the magnetic field, if not from the ‘impression’ of the previous scale of gravitational space-time? A question that goes beyond this example into the meaning of the different scales of a structure of social evolution, in this case:
Plancks of light (i-2: light wave) -> Photons (social light)-> Electrons (fractal waves of photons)-> Nucleons -> Atoms -> Molecules…
In essence in all those scales we shall find an informative force of i-2 microscopic pixels used by the macrocosmic particle to communicate information, which will therefore show less energy; this is the magnetic field among particles. Then there is an i-1 force of bigger pixels that become ‘bites’ absorbed and fed into the organism in a perpendicular attractive/repulsive game. This creates point particles. In this case electrons absorb photons, which are the ultimate ‘bosonic condensates perceived as points of an electronic nebulae’ cells of the electron. So the electron uses magnetic fields, which are one of the two components of a Planck of light (h), to create waves that communicate information about its position and strength of the group to other electrons, which suffer then a change in its trajectory to position itself in parallel to the original current and ‘absorb’ the talk. Though there is much expeirmentla evidence to gather with this ‘new approach’ to the whys of physical particles, the laws of scales are clear. And so the same game means that condensed electrons somehow become a nucleon. And vice versa: a nucleon that changes from neutron to proton is in fact ‘emiting’ an electron, cell of its inner structure, and by the same rule nucleons communicate with ‘photons’ the language of colors or rather pions, super-condensed photons.
And so following the same scales atoms and Molecules communicate with electrons and nucleons (H+ being the ‘universal language’ of molecular ‘voices’ that communicate ions even in biological systems, as simple as in the language of sexual hormones that differ only in that ‘vowel’.)
3rd scale: The 4 universal forces express the 4 actions of atomic superorganisms.
The Universe creates dimensional form by reducing the motion/speed of a physical system and vice versa: it creates motion/ speed by eliminating dimensions of form. So a 3 dimensional nebulae of matter collapses into an accelerated mass vortex, in which, according to the Equivalence between gravitational forces, masses and cyclical acceleration (Einstein’s relativity), is an attractive whirl of spacetime. The Equivalence Principle establishes a Universe with 2 limits of eternal movement: a lineal speed with a c limit or electromagnetic force; and a cyclical speed or mass, which is a vortex of space-time also with a ‘c’ limit of speed, reached in the heaviest objects – black holes. Thus radiation and mass eternally transform into each other the lineal and cyclical arrow of inertial movement: E (lineal motion)<cxc>M(Ti) (cyclical motion). A light wave reproduces at c-speed an electromagnetic surface of lineal space. On the other hand, a mass whose limit is a black hole that turns at c-speed is a cyclical entity that balances the lineal movement of light forces with its inverse cyclical movement, to maintain an eternal dynamic balance of cycles and lines.
How atoms express their 4 actions? As all other systems, using ‘bits’ and bites’ of their inferior i-2 scales, by emitting seeds of its own i-1 scale and by sharing energy and information with species of the same scale. Yet to understand all this, first we have to correct the main error of quantum physics – its misunderstanding of the paradox of Galileo. Since charges and masses are not substances, neither fixed forms, by cyclical, rotational vortices of electromagnetic and gravitational, lineal forces, curved into temporal information: E->I, where E is the force and I the charge or mass, the vortex/clock of information of the i-1 gravitational and i-electromagnetic scales, as the previous graph illustrates. Indeed, according to the Strong Principle of Equivalence of Einstein (between gravitational forces and masses), a mass is defined as the frequency of a vortex of gravitational forces, which attracts more the faster it turns, and the smaller it is (Vortex law: Vo x Ro= K; thus E=Mc2 + E=hv -> M = k v, where mass is proportional to the frequency of the vortex.) Thus masses carry most of the information of the i-1 scale of the Universe and as vortices of information they might aperceive in their structure a virtual map of reality made with ‘graviton pixels’; in the same manner i-electrons are ‘charges’, vortices of electromagnetic information that create ‘electronic images’ in mechanical and human eyes. Thus:
Informative ‘perception’: Quarks process and probably ‘aperceive’ gravitation, which is absorbed by its mass, a cyclical vortex of gravitational information. Electrons perceive light-space and form our minds.
Energy ‘feeding’: Atoms ‘feed’ on the next scale of forces, lines of electromagnetism that warp around the atom and become ‘fractal’, dense photonic points of an electronic cloud of information.
Thus beyond gravitational forces (energy with ‘infinite’ speed-distance – non local, >c – and beyond our perceptive scale, hence with nil information, observed as ‘nothingness’), light becomes the energy that feeds the atom and warps into dense photons, the points observed within the fractal structure of the electron. In the same manner, it might be worth to explore if a condensation of gravitons could create gluons, whose condensation could create quarks, by symmetry with the better world of electronic matter.
Reproduction: Both quarks and electrons seem to reproduce as all other species, by creating first, ‘i-1 seeds’ photons and gluon, micro-particles that evolve back into bigger quarks and electrons.
The 2 inner atomic forces express the complex actions of reproduction of its two type of particles, the weak electronic and strong quark force…
Eusocial evolution: Further on, the weak and strong forces produce interactions that evolve and reproduce lighter particles into heavier ones.
The Eusocial evolution of electrons in groups is mediated by magnetic fields. The strong force evolves quarks into Nucleons that are hold together by its ‘residual’ nuclear force.
Fission and fusion processes are mediated by weak forces and are the main evolving and reproductive processes of atomic systems. Thus, the weak force, which has a temporal parameter, must be defined as a temporal force that ‘transforms’, evolves and mutates particles into each other, reproducing them.
An interesting law of all systems is the symmetries between the internal and external networks and actions of the organism that accomplish the complex and simplex arrows of the system.
In atoms, it is expressed by the duality of inner and outer forces to the nucleus of the atom, which express the inner and outer complex and simplex energy and information arrows:
– The strong force is the arrow of inner social evolution that organizes the quarks into a whole. And its outer expression is the arrow of gravitation, the arrow of information of the outer superorganism of atoms, the Universe…
– The weak force is the arrow of internal reproduction, which intervenes in the processes of decoupling=iteration and creation of new particles and it is related to the external arrow of electromagnetic forces that provides the energy to the Universe at large.
Further on, as we grow in scales of atomic organization, the derivatives of those 2 elemental forces assembly nucleons and electrons: nuclear forces assembly nucleons and van der walls forces molecules.
The laws that relate the 4 actions of any systems (its relative causality in time and size in space) are met also by the 4 forces/actions of atoms, expressed in the law of range, such us:
Gravitation (informative force) < Electromagnetism (E Force) < Re (Strong Forces) < Evolution (Weak)
Max. Spatial distance/Speed < Medium Spatial Energy < Small Se < Minimal Se x Max. T (weak force).
Ternary structure and ages:
An atom is a space-time field divided in 3 species, quarks of informative mass, gravitational and electromagnetic networks of information and energy in the intermediate space-time, and the external, body – an electron, which bends light into ‘fractal’, ultra dense photons, the cells of the electronic nebulae.
The 3 parts of the atom correspond to the 3 canonical topologies: Strong forces and quarks are described with hyperbolic topologies; the electronic body forms a concave, external sphere; and in between wave-like forces transfer energy and information between both poles. The same structures and forces will surface again in the structure of molecules.
Further on, there are 3 ‘families’ of mass and particles of increasing ‘mass-gravitational information’, which represent the 3 ages of evolution of atoms.
The ternary principle applied to masses shows the temporal, evolutionary nature of those 3 families.
Some surprising findings of GST applied to quantum theory.
We could also wonder in that line of thought the nature of ‘color’, the added quantum number of quarks:
it is a quantum number, a ‘spatial property’ or a temporal property that defines the 3 ages of time of a quark? Probably both. The 3 colors are ‘inseparable’ because they might be ‘3 dimensional networks’ orientated in 3 angles to complete the dimensional form of the quark. For that reason we cannot separate them: a quark is then NOT a full partile, but only 3 are a complete system, equivalent to a single electron (3×1/3= 1 charge).
Yet we could speculate also with a general rule: ternary, odd properties tend to be temporal properties and spatial pairs tend to describe spatial properties. So an interesting question with not so easy response as it seems is: are we seeing the same quark in 3 temporal phases, or 3 quarks with different dimensional orientations?
In any case according to the inversion of properties, Es x Ti = K, the smaller faster vortices of quark-mass mean that their ‘time clocks’ are ‘faster’ than those of electronic species, reason why 3 ‘temporal cycles’ of quark charge might add to form one of electronic space.
II. GEOLOGICAL ORGANISMS
4th scale. Molecular systems. Matter States.
A molecular system emerges as the next scale of atomic organisms, and hence it is the external expression of the four action of atoms – its social evolution.
As all other scales its properties and actions emerge from the fusion of those of their lower scale and so the electronic orbitals of molecules fusion the body of atoms (see graph of atomic structure). But molecular evolution fusions the external body of atoms, not their nuclei. When the quarks fusion in condensates they create ‘dark matter particles’ made of quark condensates, which according to the dominance of information over energy, create stronger top predators, neutron stars and black holes (probably top quark stars), that feed on ordinary matter.
In molecules, however the ‘nuclei’ remain separated. We could compare this to the duality between neuronal cells, which are cells with a very dense nucleus of DNA molecules, and muscle molecules with have a huge cytoplasm and multiple nuclei. This would be a closer representation of molecules.
As such the key element of those molecules are the same bodies and heads of atoms but the cytoplasm, the electronic cloud becomes the more relevant part. The result is a simplex 102 speciation along the body and informative parameters of atoms (valences and mass) – the atomic table:
In the graph, we can translate the Atomic table to the jargon of multiple, fractal space-times. Since:
-The vertical columns show the orbital number or volume of electronic space those atoms have.
– The horizontal lines show the atomic number or volume of temporal mass of each atom.
Thus the Atomic table is a distribution of ±100, E=10i=2 complementary exi atoms, dominated by their gravitational quarks. Yet we live in a light world perceived by our electronic orbitals, the bodies of those atoms. We are electronic beings that cannot perceive gravitation; so we cannot see the inner nuclei of those atoms. And so chemistry is the science of electronic bondage.
Head/body/limbs of molecules: atomic super-organisms.
I: The Nucleus of the atom is its head and the gravitational force, its informative force that quarks perceive. In Molecules, those nucleis remain mostly inactive, as they do not fusion and evolve together.
I=E: Body: The electronic orbitals are its body and the electromagnetic force-feeds it.
E: Limbs: Gravitational strings over which the atom moves becomes the ‘limbs’ and energy elements. The electromagnetic fields, which the electronic cover uses to displace but also to evolve socially with other atoms (valences, van der walls force), become its limbs.
One has to think of such structure as the dual structure of our body/head, which has also 2 pairs of limbs, the arms which are really the limbs of the head that manipulate and rotate more than displace the system in energetic balance; and the legs which are the limbs of the body and move us in lineal trajectories in space. It is worth to consider a possible homology in an atom in which the quarks use the higher gravitational force to position around a center by rotational motions the spatial structure of the rest of its electrons and molecular forms provoking the different secondary, ternary and quaternary structures of complex molecules. Since topology is the key to the interaction between complementary systems, which are like puzzles that assembly and dismember chemical organisms with atoms that specialize in head, body, limb systems (for example the life ecosystem, in which N are head-atoms, C-formal, body atoms and O- the energetic limbs that move amino acids), we could consider quarks to ‘calculate’ the position and orientation of the atom and the electronic body, the ‘legs’ that connect it and bound it to others.
Again we observe that in all more complex systems we shall find this duality of internal/external arrows, which widen our understanding of them. For example, in your organism, you have an inner informative, nervous system, that organizes socially your cells, connected to external senses that communicate you informatively with the external world. And you have a digestive, energetic system that absorbs energy from your ‘territory’ which in animals is clearly limited by its ‘motions’ during a day, and in humans by an economic system (the energetic system of the upper social scales). All those dualities, symmetries and complex relationships between time arrows is the ultimate essence of general systems science, whose logic and topology and laws of eusocial evolution from a complex, fascinating web of relationships that structure the Universe.
States of matter are the distinct forms that different ages of matter take on. The gaseous, energetic young state, the liquid, reproductive one, and the solid, informative network. The gas is a herd of minimal social evolution, extended in space, which creates then semi-permanent bonds as liquid, with a viscosity that allows complex mixing and social evolutionary or reproductive processes with catalyzers or fusion and fission processes.
Those 3 states however are born from a previous ‘particle state’ of atomic matter, plasma…
The cycles of states of matter narrate its genetic origin on the past birth from a big-banging age.
Historically, the distinction is made based on qualitative differences in bulk properties. Solid is the state in which matter maintains a fixed volume and shape; liquid is the state in which matter maintains a fixed volume but adapts to the shape of its container; and gas is the state in which matter expands to occupy whatever volume is available.
As we move to the next molecular scale, the inner network forces of the atom become ‘covered’ by the more external ones, which grow in importance:
The strong force is the informative, denser force still structures the ‘head/nucleus’ of the atom and now might act as an informative language to position the atom in complex molecular structures.
The electromagnetic force is the energetic, body force that structures the shape of the electronic orbit. It gives now origin to valences and complex Van der Waals forces, which become the main molecular expression of their 4th arrow of eusocial molecular evolution.
The gravitational force might still be the pixel of perception of nucleons but increasingly covered by perception of electromagnetic forces and orbitals. And as molecular systems increase in size, till entering the cosmic level, of eusocial evolution, gravitation is the arrow of perception and electrons the arrow of feeding.
Molecular orbitals emerge from the properties of its individual atomic orbitals. Thus they follow the laws of emergence, and its mathematical combinations and ratios, but once we have emerged, the ‘details’ of the 4 arrows of space-time will differ. For example, to establish the formal structure (shape, topology) of molecular orbitals the L number no longer apply. The different molecular orbitals of a given fixed energy level, are then classified with a new quantum number, λ, defined as: λ = |ml|
Following the spectroscopic notation pattern, those molecular orbitals are designated by a small case Greek letter: for λ = 0, 1, 2, 3, orbitals are called σ, π, δ, φ… respectively. And they have the ‘usual topologies’ of energy (sigma orbital), information (pi orbital) and its combinations. And its further evolution gives birth to the states of matter, which are energetic (gas), reproductive (liquid) and solid (informative) ‘ages’ of molecular fields. Yet as in the case of atoms and particles, time is completely reversible in molecular organisms and so those states can mutate between each other.
Another question is the molecular language. It seems obvious by the simplicity of hormonal codes and even complex messages in proteins and huge macro-molecules reduced mostly to a small active site that the language is simple, electronic according to the scales which use i-2 ‘pixels’ as language and i-1 particles as food; and so it must be reduced to positive and negative ions of ‘different’ force and ‘intensity’ (as the case of Ca+2 used in neuronal languages or the duality Oh-, H+ that differenciate sexual hormones). This simple language gives us 4 ‘letters’, +, ++, -, –, to codify any 4-dimensional language as it is all what is needed in a Universe of 4-dimensional actions in any scale and world: You can build all realities if you can ‘order’ any species to do ‘one of its 4 actions’. The species will then put in march its own actions that will in turn result in building with other species that have received your simultaneous field order as superior i+1 being the effect desire by your ‘plan’ for that part of your organic, ‘territorial order’. In this manner infinite states and actions of billions of agents come together into that marvel which is the program of creation of more complex synchronic structures.
Macrosystems program microsystems by inducing on them one of their 4 inherent actions. The Universe collaborates more than imposes, but the collaboration is tricked by the bigger plane which ab=uses its smaller fields of energy and working cells that will toil for him, induced by its ‘discharges of energy and form’ to billions of microcoscopic ‘agents’.
5th scale: Planets and stars.
Atoms and molecules forming huge fields of the 3 states of matter, are the ‘cellular units’ of complex physical molecular organisms, mainly stars and planets (if we consider in this introduction, only celestial bodies formed by the condensation of molecules not of quark states of heavier families of matter).
A planet is a huge i-logic molecular field that mixes liquid and solid states with a very thin gaseous membrane. Thus, based in our template of a network organism, we define the Earth as a st-point:
‘The Earth is an organic, molecular system with a central crystal, which acts as a knot of informative flows of gravitation and a hard membrane that evolves life ecosystems, based on light’.
In the left side of the graph The Earth as a st-point, has 3 fundamental non-AE regions:
– Max. E: Our planet has an energetic, gaseous external membrane; the atmosphere and magnetic belts, which isolates it and selects the type of radiation that crosses into its surface.
– ExI: The zone of maximal reproductive and organic evolution is the crust and mantle: On the surface of the planet there are animal herds that communicate and act-react to light impulses, evolving and reproducing its form. Next, a crust and mantle layer of magma defines the reproductive cycles of rocks.
– Max. I: The inner, informative nucleus is a dense crystal core of iron and within it probably there is a smaller Uranium core, the most complex atom of the Universe with a minimal stable life.
Each of those 3 Non-E regions can be subdivided again, according to the Fractal Principle, in ternary structures and sub-scales of ‘fractal quanta’ that interact between them with different EóI, cyclical rhythms corresponding to their arrows of time. We observe one of those ternary structures and cycles – the continental cycle that breaks the ‘whole’ into 3 sub-continents, affecting the evolution of life, ‘the hyperbolic’ informative quanta of the Earth’s ‘flat, energetic, external membrane’.
Yet if the Earth has a ternary structure in space, it means its 3 st-regions also perform the 3±st existential cycles of any organic system. This is certain to the extent we have empirical evidence for the membrane and the intermediate region with its cycles of reproduction of rocks and so we extend that ‘probability’ to the central core, a crystal of ‘magnetic iron’, which should behave as any magnetic, crystalline structure of atoms does, enacting parallel cycles to those of crystals…
III. GALACTIC SUPERORGANISMS.
5th scale: Stars.
The H-R diagram shows the 3 ages of stars, through its energy & information parameters.
The life, evolution and death of stars are depicted in the H-R Diagram, which classifies stars according to its E & I parameters, as the atomic table does with atoms:
Max. Se: Brightness or Magnitude, which is a spatial parameter that grows with the size of the star.
Max. Ti: Spectral type, (colour or frequency), which classifies stars according to its temporal form.
Yet the H-R diagram is only a representation of the 2nd and 3rd ages of stars – since the young age of the star as nebulae of max. spatial extension and min. formal complexity (as all young ages are) is not represented. So we add on the left side the 1st age of a star as a nebulae of max.extension. Then the H-R graph shows the 3 ages of stars and the main laws of ExI cycles applied to them:
– (st+1): Most stars are born as spatial nebulae of max. extension.
– Max. E: Then they implode into blue giants of max. energy.
– E=I: They reduce its size and grow in atomic complexity through a mature, yellow age of balance between their Se and Ti parameters. The sun is now in that balanced age…
– Max. Ti: They collapse in a 3rd age of slow decline as its IxE parameters diminish toward its death, becoming white dwarfs.
st+1: Or they evolve in a loop of growing IxE force (top right graph), mutating into a Worm Hole.
The H-R graph shows the process of evolution of stars into black holes, which we
explain with an homology based on the duality of energy and information natural to all space-time species ecosystems, by comparing light ecosystems like Earth and gravitational ecosystems like a galaxy. On Earth animals use light as information and dominate plants, which use it as energy. The hypothesis of G.S. theory is that stars are ‘gravitational plants’ that merely feed and curve quantic, gravitational space-time, while black holes are ‘gravitational animals’, which are able to process gravitation as information and control and shape with gravitational waves the form of galaxies, their territorial space-time. Again this hypothesis is gathering increasing evidence: today we know black holes emit jets of dark matter; they catalyze the creation of stars; they feed on stars and transform them into black holes, etc. Thus a few stars do not die but molt into black holes as soft larvae evolve into hard insects.
6th, 7th scale: networks of stars and black holes form galaxies.
This comment leads to a better understanding of a galaxy as a ‘gala-cell’ organism, in which black holes are the ‘informative’ DNA that catalyzes the reproduction of stars and organizes the system:
In the graph, he 2 membranes of space-time, the quantum and gravitational membrane interact in eói events of transference of energy and information in the limits of the existential function of the light membrane: the limit of energy-speed, c; the limits of temperature-form, 0 k, in quarks, black holes and regions of transition between light and gravitational space.
On the other hand, Galaxies deploy the 3+1 topologial networks, ages and actions of all systems.
A galaxy is a curved, fractal space-time of huge spatial proportions, hence minimal form (inversion of properties between spatial energy and temporal information). Thus galaxies can also be studied in space as a fractal point with 3 regions that correspond to the 3 ‘canonical’ topologies of a 4-dimensional world – an informative center, an energetic membrane, and the reproductive intermediate zone:
– Max. Ti: The center of the galaxy is a swarm of black holes, its densest informative masses, which produces the gravitational, informative waves that control the position of its body of stars. Beyond its event horizon, the accelerated vortex of mass of the black hole (Equivalence Principle) should accelerate light, deflecting it into a perpendicular, hyperbolic, informative dimension of height (Kerr superluminal, central singularity) ejecting it as gravitational jets of dark energy at 10 C.
For that reason Kerr black holes10 should be called wormholes, because they absorb light but let it scape through its axis as dark, gravitational energy, at faster than light speeds.
-Max. E: The external membrane that limits the inner space-time of the galaxy is a spherical halo of dark matter, probably made of strangelets or micro black holes, which can deviate unwanted radiation by gravitational redshift and/or absorb the energy of radiant matter, cooling it down to the 2.7 K background radiation.
Thus those non-evaporating micro black-holes and strangelets of great density act as ‘proteins’ do in cells, controlling the inner movement of galaxies and the outer absorption of light-energy.
– E=i: Stars, tracing toroidal cycles form the inner space-time body of the galaxy, a bidimensional plane or Klein’s disk that feeds the wormhole and reproduces atomic substances and stars. They ultimately evolve into black holes, which migrate toward the central swarm of holes, residing in the nucleus. In any Klein disk distance is measured as motion and becomes infinite when we cannot reach a limit or barrier (for example the barrier of light speed becomes an infinite Lorentz Transformation). So it happens with the border of the galaxy. We are part of that intermediate space-time in a Milky Way, limited by its central hole and an invisible border of dark matter, neither of which we can cross without dying; since the speed of rotation of matter around the wormhole and the flows of intergalactic dark energy that expands space at light speeds beyond the halo would destroy us. Thus we are trapped in this star and planet, in a toroidal cycle that will end evolving the Sun into dark matter.
Thus the generator equation of the galaxy as a Fractal st-point is:
E:Halo < stars that evolve energy into matter> Ti (Black holes)
In the image, the structure of the galaxy: stars are created in the intermediate region and the center is occupied by a black hole.
The energetic medium that transfers energy to the fractal quanta of the galaxy is the external interstellar gas. Finally the system is joined by 2 networks of forces: the gravitational, faster, non-local informative, transversal gravitational waves at the cosmological scale; and the energetic, smaller, slower electromagnetic waves at the quantum scale.
The 3±1 ages of galaxies.
Further on, the life cycle of a galaxy goes through 3 ages, evolving from a young, extended nebula into an old small wormhole of informative mass that dies in a quasar big bang of dark energy and quark matter. In between, galaxies live a longer, mature toroidal, cyclical steady state, fluctuating every 14 billion yearsbetween its spiral and elliptic form, while absorbing interstellar dust, which creates new stars and feeds the central Worm Hole.
The 4 actions of galaxies.
They also perform 4 actions:
– Max. E: they feed on the interstellar gas trapped by the ‘two spiral limbs’ of the galaxy.
– E=I: Stars, their body, reproduce matter.
– Max. I: The black hole, with its hyperbolic, tall form, might use dark jets of gravitational information to communicate with other galaxies, evolving socially with them in complex wall, filaments and ‘tissues’.
– Re: black holes produce ‘seminal jets’ of matter that create irregular galaxies, which start a new cycle. In the graph we see M-83 ejecting such jet and forming a small son-galaxy at its end.
IV. UNIVERSAL SUPER-ORGANISMS
In the graph, the Universe is a super-organism of cellular galaxies, joined in clusters, walls and filaments, maintained in balance by flows of invisible gravitational forces of information and repulsive flows of dark energy. Since we do not perceive 96% of this scale, the last one in extension, we can hardly observe its two networks of ‘galactic energy’ and dark matter (central webs), which resemble the blood/nervous duality of other superorganic networks. Yet we know the Universe lives through 3 ages, defined for its total space-time by the 3 solutions to Einstein’s equations, departing from an initial ultra-dense, informative ‘particle-cells’, the ‘seed’ of the organic Universe: the young, energetic big-bang age, the steady-state, intermediate phase and the implosive big-crunch of the future.
8TH and 9th Scales: clusters, walls and the Universe.
The Universe can be seen in space at the ‘speed of interaction’ of its flows of non-local gravitation and then it appears as a super-organism with an external membrane of energy (the ball of fire of the background radiation); a body of galactic cells, and a hyperdense center – the great attractor, probably a huge black hole.
And it can be studied in time, considering the slower clock-speed of electromagnetism, through its 3 evolutionary ages, between birth and death, as its energetic space becomes curved by time and increases its form, creating more complex structures, stars, galaxies and clusters.
Let us briefly consider its less understood structure in ‘simultaneous space’, related by non-local gravitation. The 3 parts of the spatial Non-AE Universe seen through gravitation are:
– Max. E: The background radiation of the big-bang explosion became the external membrane of that Non-AE point. Indeed, when we observe the Universe in space in their outskirts there is ‘a wall of fire’ that emits a background radiation of photonic energy towards the internal regions of the Universe with a red shift near 50 times the speed of light.
The speed limit of our light-space is obviously C, the speed of light. Yet it is not the limit of speed of the Universe, since the world of gravitational dark energy moves faster. The discontinuous border between both worlds is described by Lorentz Transformations (left). But black holes breach those discontinuities, emitting dark energy (center) that drags matter in quasars like 3C279 (right) up to 10 times the speed of light.
Max. T: The Universe should have a nucleus of enormous gravitational density, a hyper-black hole, connected to a network of dark matter, which acts as its informative brain since it ‘forms’ through non-local, gravitational forces, the shape of its galactic networks, as the DNA nucleus of a cell controls the form of the organelles that reproduces its quanta. Thought the nucleus is a gravitational knot invisible to us, we have found a very dense region of dark matter called the Great Attractor, which might be that center. That informative singularity will keep growing and attracting other galaxies in a generational cycle, till it explodes again its form into energy in a physical big bang, similar to the one that created our Universe.
– E<=>T: Both create the intermediate S-T of the Universe, where galaxies reproduce matter and light. It is, as in any Fractal Organism, the ‘visible space-time’, created through the ‘invagination’ of the outer membrane of light energy and the inner nucleus of dark matter. That dual light/dark network, which structures the Intermediate Space-Time of the Universe, was proved in the past years.
Finally to notice that the function of existence and space-time parameters of a galaxy shows a surprising parallelism between the equations used to define the mass of quarks and black holes, as well as those used to define waves of stars and nebulae of electrons. Already Einstein used that parallelism to model the universe as if each galaxy was a hydrogen atom (Einstein-Walker equations).
If that is the case, and scales repeat from atoms to galaxies, the infinite repetition of those scales between those two ‘immortal states’ that of galaxies and atoms, could imply an infinite self-replicating Universe.
II. CELLULAR SUPERORGANISMS.
– 3rd to 5th Scale: Life systems: light atoms, carbohydrates and cells.
The 3 main C,H, O. N atoms and basic molecules define the 3+1 arrows of life in organisms.
– H+ is the main energetic bite of cellular organisms, which constantly use H+ proton bombs and add or eliminate, oxidising or reducing molecules to activate its ‘motion processes’.
– C is the main in/form/ative, structural atom of carbohydrate molecules.
– O is the acting, exi, or reproductive atom of those molecular chains…
– And N is the informative atom or ‘head’ of the systems. Accordingly they define the main molecules of life, structural, C-chains, informative nucleotides, rich in nitrogen, and complex proteins that peg themselves reproducing more complex systems, playing with the O, OH– structures of oxygen systems.
Nucleotides express the 4 arrows of genetic organisms.
In genetics, the 4 bases play the role for the code of life. It is easy then to observe that the 4 bases represent a new whole game of existence, as the 4 dimensions of space-time do or the 4 quantum numbers, or the 4 drives of life, and since function is form, just looking at those bases we can deduce that: The simplex arrows are expressed by simplex Pyrimidines (single cycle).
– Uracil and thymine with more oxygen are the energetic drive expression and complex genetics show this to be the case, as they are more abundant in functions and genes related to energetic systems.
T- heir informative head is adenine and as such is the dominant base of the system. It has a Nitrogen higher mass and a nitrogen head with 2 antennae. It is the head of the ATP systems that command as small molecules the game of proteins and most orders of actions in the cell. Both the simplex body T and head A assembly together by affinity and complementarity
The complex arrows are expressed by dual Nitrogen cycles:
– Cytosine is the balanced dual molecule. Hence the reproductive arrow. And indeed, when it is uncovered in the DNA loosing its cover it allows the expression of genes.
In the graph, the simple sexual hormones are ‘feminine’ and ‘masculine’ because they merely deliver a message of informative, alkaline, implosive reaction of an energetic, acid one. Thus Oh codes for ‘in/form/ative’ or inhibitory reaction and O for energy, excited, expansive reaction, which will become, as they emerge in higher scales, the duality of the female/male sexes.
Hormones in plants, as well as in animal organisms are a mystery for researchers as they are simple molecules, which however provoke all type of complex effects on their organisms. This is however easily explained from the perspective of General systems sciences, as they are just ‘messages’ delivered to the ‘memorial’ organism of cells, which merely code for a basic action, already known by the cell. Thus the carrier of a message only needs to reveal a ‘code-word’, sort of a password delivered by a messenger, who doesn’t know what is delivering, but both the receptor and emitter know.
This explains the basic duality of hormones, which express a positive, energetic action or an informative one or a reproductive action. Accordingly the two simplest hormones are testosterone and oestrogen.
Cells. The drives of life: feeding, perceiving, reproducing and evolving socially.
In the left side, the cell has 3 topological functional zones:
– Max. E: It has an external, thin membrane, which in free cells have cilia that move the cell and act-react to external stimuli. In organic cells energy is provided by the blood system of the macro-organism. So external cilia disappear and invaginate as lysosomes that kill carbohydrates.
– Max. I: In the center, there is a nucleus of max. informative density, filled with cyclical or spiral DNA/RNA’s networks that control the st-point.
– ExI: RNAs dominate the intermediate space-time, directing the energy organelles, mitochondria or chloroplasts that produce energy; and the informative ribosomes that reproduce products, pegged to the Golgi apparatus – a membrane’s invagination.
The vital cycles of the cell.
In the graph, the cell is a brain-body system constructed with 2 elements, nucleotide acids, based in nitrogen bases and protein bodies based in carbon chains, which are the informative and spatial systems of the cell. Around that EXI core duality we find an expansive intermediate, cyclical region with all kind of slavish organelles that perform their energy cycles (based in the energetic properties of oxygen, water and similar electronegative atoms); and their informative cycles. Both cycles are catalyzed by denser metal atoms that boost the E/I capacities of carbohydrates. Thus, through the interaction of carbohydrates, metallic ions, proteins and nucleotide acids, cells perform the 3±1 cycles of all st-points:
Max.E: In an organism, Mg, copper and iron capture oxygen and deliver it to each cell to perform energetic cycles; while in the cell cytochromes kill and split the energetic hydrogen atom into H+ and e– ions in mitochondria or chloroplasts; absorbing its spatial energy; while metal atoms stabilize protein enzymes.
Max. I: Na and K ions control the expansive and implosive rhythms of the electric membrane, sending informative messages among cells -while RNA and DNA molecules process information within the cell, reproducing new carbohydrate molecules.
– Re: The combined effect of the accumulation of energy and information within the cell triggers the reproductive cycle, guided by RNA and DNA molecules. Mitosis is in fact a process of replication of a cell that happens as an alternative to its death, at the end of its life-death cycle (S1-G1-S2 periods). This life/death cycle shows an astounding regularity:
– ±st: Cells live a generational cycle with 3+1 phases: S1(1/4th of a time) or young, energetic age, in which they grow its cytoplasm; G1-mature age (1/2th of the time), in which they reproduce its DNA; S2, 3rd informative age, in which they replicate its ‘cyclical clocks’, enzymes that regulate and accelerate the warping of the cell, provoking A) its possible death; B) its replication in to two cells.
– ∑: Finally cells evolve socially into macro-organisms. Yet only the RNA-DNA system creates complex informative, control networks.
All those cellular cycles are not ‘mechanic processes’, but they have evolved departing from the organic, dual, Darwinian and symbiotic interactions between proteins and nucleotide acids, the dominant energetic and informative macromolecules of cells. The most important cycle is the reproductive cycle, which in the cell as in other fractal space-time represents the existential will that ensures the perpetuation of the species.
III. LIVING SUPERORGANISMS
In the graph, humans are like everything else in the Universe a field of space-time defined by 3+1 networks, ages and dimensional actions/cycles.
5th to 7th scale: physiological networks and senses express the actions of biologic organisms.
Human Physiological networks and senses express our will of existence.
In Complexity all complementary systems are created by the same type of networks. All organisms are cellular societies joined by networks of energy and information.
We are composed of cells, join by networks of energy and information. Those networks are called the blood and nervous system. Finally we have a third reproductive network as all living organisms, called the endocrine network. We are thus organisms of energy and information, in nothing different from all other organisms of the Universe, organized by the same laws of morphology and behavior:
– Our centers of information, the head, the brain and the eye, follow the formal laws of informative species: they are small, circular, cyclical, and they control the energy systems of our organism. Those energy systems also follow the morphological laws of energy-bodies. They are lineal, or planar in shape, bigger and stronger than the information center that rules them. So your members are lines, and your body is a plane.
– We evolve socially sharing information and energy with other beings of the same species. Thus we are naturally inclined to love other human beings, and we need to be brainwashed by ideologies of ‘hate’ and ‘nationalisms’ to avoid that natural religion.
– Finally regarding our behavior, we are also naturally inclined to follow the universal behavior of organisms, and search for information to feed our head, energy to feed our body and whenever we can we try to reproduce both, a body of energy and a brain of information in other part of the Universe. Those 3 natural drives of existence, are the essence of human behavior that bring us happiness. So we always act searching for those natural drives. When we love we are acting under the drive of reproduction. When we read, or watch a metal-communicator, is the drive of information that guides us. When we feed, or accumulate vital property, or decorate our home, we are creating a vital space, and acquiring energy to survive. Finally we associate with similar organisms under the laws of eusocial love to evolve together into a superorganism, stronger than the individual cell.
Thus the 4 ‘arrows of time’ create a will of existence that explains the actions of every living system including humans, guided by 4 natural, biological drives, which we cannot deny. Since their entire structure of senses and physiological systems tries to accomplish those actions, called in biology drives of existence. You are made of networks. All what you are is 3 networks, with attached organs, and senses: the network of energy, or body, blood system and its organs, the network of information, or head, nervous system and its organs and senses, and the networks of reproduction, and its organs and senses. This third network reproduces body and brain, human energy and information.
In that regard, if we apply the ‘fractal law’ to do a more detailed analysis of the 3+1 networks of human beings, the sub-systems of our organism can be divided in 4×3=12 sub-systems, which represent the 4 actions of living organisms, each divided in 3 hierarchical subsystems (Max. E, exi, Max. I). So we divide the 12 types of tissues and physiological networks of complex living beings in:
– Energetic systems: Digestive system (max. I), Breathing System (Max. E), Excretory system (exi)
– Informative, structural systems: Skeleton (max. E), (Tegumentary system Exi) muscle system (i)
– Reproductive systems: Blood system (Max. E), reproductive system (Exi) and endocrine system (Max. I) Sensorial systems (Exi)
– Social, linguistic systems: Nervous (Max. I), lymphatic system (Ix E) and blood system (max.E)
In the graph, we see human exercising their will of existence: children feeding on energy, and talking – perceiving information; men reproducing and coming together with similar organisms. And finally images of our physiological networks of energy and information that make us complex super-organisms.
Accordingly all our organs and senses are controlled and cater to the needs of one of those 3 networks. Think about it. Our stomach gets you energy, our lungs also. They are different only in the type of energy they provide us: the stomach elaborates liquid and solid energy, the lungs, gas-energy, oxygen, trapped by hemoglobin molecules that cage oxygen atoms of higher speed, and move around the blood… which moves the muscles that move our legs. Our eyes, words, brain, on the other hand provide us with information. Our arms manipulate that information; our body is guided by that information. Finally an entire set of body elements is dedicated to reproduce our cells and our body.
Yet beyond those 3 types of organs there is nothing else. Since there is nothing else in the Universe but spatial energy and temporal information…
So humans then ‘transcend’ as cells of social organisms, religions, nations and civilizations to perform with his language of communication, verbal thought, the 4th arrow of existence: the construction of the super-organisms of History.
We conclude that the program of the Universe guides the behavior of humans in our 3 scales of existence: our biological cells, as human beings and as cells of human societies.
In the graph, humans as anything in the Universe are a superorganism made of similar cells joined by 3 networks: the physiological energetic, informative and reproductive networks (digestive, blood and nervous systems). So are nations and mankind at large, a superorganism, sustained on the body of Gaia, fed by the economic system, reproducing human beings and informatively directed by memes of life, art and cultural and political systems. Yet as the superorganism of memes of metal, the Financial-Military-Industrial System develops its networks of informative machines, reproductive company-mothers and energetic networks, similar to the old arterias of mother-earth, humans and life beings become extinguished and substituted by the new dominant species on planet Earth. And this process which could be managed rationally by mankind, if our ideologies of social sciences were substituted by the real science of economics and history that this book and similar works by other masters of human thought represent, is NOT controlled by mankind. It merely follows the evolutionary laws of the Universe.
The larger view: two languages that construct two different worlds.
We humans are building two different super-organisms:
– One of memes of life that foster our ‘drives of biological existence’, our need for natural energy and information, biological reproduction and social evolution through social love into complex social organisms – what we call the superorganisms of history, guided by verbal, ethic thought.
– But we are also building an organism with memes of metal, energetic weapons, informative machines and reproductive money, carried by digital languages.
The problem of our societies is that we have completely misunderstood the primacy of those languages and super-organisms, giving primacy to the economic super-organism and its digital, financial languages over the human super-organisms. Hence we are ‘terraforming the earth’ into a world of memes of metal and extinguishing all kind of species and memes of life. The super-organism of machines and memes of metal is not ‘bad for mankind’, ‘per se’. What is wrong is the order of primacy and power we give to those languages and memes, due to the absurd, dogmatic religion of ‘capitalist’ economics that considers the language of money ’the invisible hand of god’, whose values must be obeyed, without any scientific study of its nature, values and systemic processes that build through that language the world we live in.
And so ultimately as in all systems, the key to the creation of one or other superorganism is the ‘language’ we use to control and create or cre(dit)ate those superorganisms, which are either:
– Verbal, ethic thought, our biologic language that values accordingly more life memes and humans.
– Digital money, which is made of informative, precious metals (gold, silver) today of digital cycles of e-money in pcs; and so it values more memes of metal, weapons and machines that create a different super-organism, the economic ecosystem:
In the graph we show the main distinction we must do in a biological analysis of the superorganisms of history its languages, memes and cultures. What matters are the memes, languages and ideologies that build the two type of cultures, ‘organs’ of the superorganisms of history and economics. In essence, a superorganism is created by the values of a certain language. The informative language of metal is gold. And its values are inverse to those of life. So the belief and use of go(l)d, of money as the only language that directs our society makes possible the expression of those anti-life values and the creation of a world according to them. Today the more complex system of machines uses digital information, e-money and the religion of go(l)d has evolved into the ‘science’ of capitalism expressed in the equations of classic economics. Yet the anti-life values of the language remain.
There are today in this planet two languages of social power, the law and money and they are different and have different values, according to the laws of survival of the Universe, which are basically the law of eusocial evolution among individuals of an equal species vs. the darwinian relationship between those who feel different. And as it happens, money being of a different substance, informative metal, has different, opposite values to words, made of flesh, and those different values create two different worlds, one based in eusocial love and the values of words, the ‘ideal superorganism of history’ and one based in darwinian fights and the values of greed (gold hypnotism), murder (weapons) and sloth (machines’ atrophy and substitution of the human organs we imitate to build them).
It is on that larger view a confrontation has lasted since the beginning of history=mankind, as two modes of conceiving and hence ‘creating’ the future came into being, guided by two different social languages, money and the law:
– The ethic law tried to create according to the laws of eusocial evolution that guide the creation of complex systems in the Universe a human super-organism in which all humans were considered equal and could organize themselves by sharing energy and information maximizing their survival according to those eusocial laws, spelt in our species by the messages of love of its prophets and social scientists.
– Money, a language, made of informative metal (gold, being the most informative atom of the Universe, and the basic form of money in history till informative machines, computers invented e-money), does not obey those laws, but evolves according to the processes of emergence and creation of complex systems, a different superorganism, dominant in ‘metal’. Since the values of words promote biological life (the maximal value) but the values of metal promote energetic metal (weapons, the maximal value).
This astounding fact of biological origin, is the key to the process of creation of a different world, the capitalist system, dominant in memes of metal. Since, moved by greed we accept the values of money without any analysis, reproducing weapons, the most expensive, valuable good and despising cheap life, which has in monetary prices, minimal value. Yet if we talked words, and made our biological language dominant over money, we would value life more and give a negative value to weapons, which kill it, cre(dit)ating the memes of life and love that make us survive and be happy.
In economics this means that not all the products created by the economy are necessarily good for man. Since the ‘prices’ given historically by metal-money, were biased towards other forms of metal, being weapons the most expensive, and did not reflect their value for humanity. The result is we are creating the wrong wealth. A healthy economic ecosystem should respect the will of man, creating the goods that maximize that will, shown in the next graph:
In the graph, a ‘real’, biological, scientific ‘frame of coordinates’ with the human point of view in the center, which should be used in an ethonomic system that wants to create a world to the image and likeness of mankind, fostering credit for the goods of the positive side of the frame of biological reference, since those goods foster our natural energy, information, reproduction and social evolution. While goods that are negative for our biological drives should be discredit, regardless of its profits for the Economy. The previous graph responds to the ‘program of existence of human beings’, complementary organisms of energy and information that maximize their existence and happiness as human beings when they maximize those arrows, expressed in our body through the senses, outlets of our physiological systems of energy, information and reproduction.
In the graph, today as always the 4 memes of the human organism and the pleasure and happiness they bring to human existence are self-evident: energetic food, verbal information, human cells and eusocial love. And so are the collateral effects of the 4 memes of the superorganism of machines: the anti-values of money, the life-killing properties of energetic weapons, the ethic degradation and increasing madness provoked by fictions and myths and hate-speeches delivered by mass-media and the sloth and obsolescence of man to the new robotic blue collar workers andintegrative’ cell, more reproduced machine, the transport machine, now being robotized in multiple forms, the future top predator on Earth.
And so what maters is the physical economy, which produces real goods, not the financial economy, which should be submissive to the physical economy. Since money is the nervous language which the ‘brain of society’, our governments, should produce, using it to cre(dit)ate and produce the goods of the previous ethonomic frame of reference, which are the goods that people demand. And so a real democracy would nationalize the financial system, and create credit for ‘free’, as all languages are created at null cost, to direct scientifically the re=production of the previous frame of ‘positive human goods’, creating a paradise on Earth, as European Social democracies were trying to do.
Since man has a biological will, fundamental to understand concepts such as happiness, property, and Freedom, which require the pursuit of that biological will, that fulfills our nature. So natural property is that property which caters to our biological will. Freedom is the capacity to achieve that will. And happiness the state of a man that has reached his will as a biological species.
So Freedom is the capacity to obtain those goods, which fulfill our drives of existence and make us happy – Freedom to choose our food, education, our social reproduction (love), freedom to be human. And this lead salso to a new way of studying economics as the science that maximizes the will of man creating those welfare goods we need to feed, reproduce, learn and evolve socially.
In that regard, a human organism is the basic unit-cell of the social organisms of history. And History is the superorganism of the homo sapiens species between its birth as a Homo Sapiens Neanderthal (two species,) that went through 3 ages, the young, energetic Palaeolithic where the Homo ‘visual’, dominated and the 2nd age of reproductive information, when women and the homo sapiens, verbal dominant in time-logic (our language words, is the language of human temporal information expressed with verbs, the visual language is common to animals), and finally a 3rd age, in which we evolve metal and biome again visual.
To understand those ages, common to all species, a key concept is that of speciation in two forms, natural to all creative processes of the Universe: The diversification of a single species occurs normally in two speciations – one specialized in energy and the other in information that recombine increasing the ‘latitude’ of energy and information of the 3rd, evolve form.
So we have the trinity of races, departing from an original homo sapiens: human energetic Sapiens Neanderthal (white men), informative sapiens sapiens (yellow men) and reproductive, sensorial combination (black men). And the trinity of genders: energetic male, informative women and their combination (gay sex). And the trinity of characters (athletic, dominant in blood system), picnic, dominant in informative system and tall (informative dimension) and viscerotonic, dominant in vegetative systems, and wide.
Of the many dualities of languages, the simplest one is between informative languages with maximal vowels, proper of the ‘homo sapiens, sapiens’, smaller, with more developed languages and brain regions for speech (brachycephalic, African and Asian) and energetic languages with maximal consonantal phonemes (white man, Homo Sapiens Neanderthal, Semitic languages, Caucasus languages). And between logic languages based in the 3-dimensions of the light mind and verbal, temporal language, which orders for humans, the actions of our selves as players of the game:
The 3+1 ages of History, the 3+1 human sub-species.
In the graph, one the main discoveries I did in the field of Complexity applied to anthropology, dating back from my first books on the subject (Bio-history, Bio-economics, a theory of Unification, Bookmasters, Ohio, c.94), was the application of the Duality of Energy/information and its self-generative process of creation of new species that combine both essential elements of the Universe, to the evolution of the Human Kind. The plan of evolution of the fractal, organic, Complex Universe is in that sense simple. All species become differentiated in an energetic, ‘lineal’, spatial species and an informative, ‘cyclical’, temporal one. Then both mix to create a more complex, reproductive species.
And so 3 is the number of Horizons and subspecies we find in all evolutionary systems. This plan of evolution which has enormous repercussions in the understanding on how species evolve and complements Darwin and Mendel, however is disputed outside the science of complexity and the congresses in which I have developed my work. And so it is not widely known. And yet it recently achieved new proofs in anthropology with the discovery that the Neanderthal, white, visual, spatial, energetic brain species mixed with the Homo Sapiens, the Capoid, verbal, temporal one.
So we can explain both genre (being women the informative species that reproduces the fractal information of the human being and man the lineal energetic species), and racial differentiation and establish 3 types of mind: the white, visual, dolicocephalic brain, more developed in the visual axis from the forehead to the occipucius, which should be found to have a higher mix of Neanderthal. He is divided in two types, which again experimental proofs have validated: the Semite, in which Neanderthal males mixed with verbal women, as the dominant, stronger species, in the first crossing of the Homo Sapiens, in 80.000 BC. This advanced theory of 94 has now proofs that came in Nature: only homo sapiens women mixed with Neanderthal males in Palestine. The result is the semite with a clear dominant male, bigger than the female, talking species. The reason is that at such time the Homo Sapiens had not developed the arch and so it was dominated by the Neanderthal, stronger warrior. Then in Altai mountains, homo sapiens evolved into the mongoloid cro-magnon which had arcs and hence could kill at distance the neanderthal. This man went down to Europe and the mixing reversed. Now the Homo Sapiens Paletiniensis mixed with the Neaderthal stronger women (the Nordic Women and red hair, dolicocephalic scots). The result was the Aryan in which women are far stronger. This is the last detail of our Complex theory of human evolution to be proved in the next years…
In the text, we have a further explanation of the other races, which are clearly 3: the mongoloid, verbal race with a higher distance in the verbal axis (brachicephalic) and the black, reproductive, emotional brain, which is self-similar to that of women, with a high brain more evolved in the top axis.
Complexity defines a simple game of evolution by combining informative and energetic species in balanced, new organisms: e xi=st.
We say that the Universe has 3 arrows of creation, energy, information and its balanced combinations. This is also a sexual principle: Women are information-dominant; male are energy dominant.
In human evolution the same pattern emerges: each successful, dominant Homo differentiates into an energetic and informative species, which recombine, creating more complex= informative and stronger=energetic homos that displace their parental forms, thanks to their higher Energy x Information. Yet the dominant, overall arrow favors informative species. Since when Homos were born, the energy top predators were felines, far stronger than the strongest possible homo mutation. So the evolutionary direction in which the big apes could find an ecological niche within the mammal kingdom was the informative arrow. They were already fit to that purpose, since they spent long times living in stillness in the summit of trees, where they had to learn to control complex movement in the informative dimension of height, adding a 3rd dimension to their brain. So they became informative masters among mammal species . . .
Thus, the duality between energy and information is also responsible for the creation of humanity. In the graph we study that process: life first diversified into complementary genders: energetic, lineal, spatial men and cyclical, reproductive women, which hold more biological information. While a 3rd, gay sex mixes both. Further on, as humans evolved, they followed the same pattern of 3 ages proper of all species. Thus, Homos diversified into energetic, informative and reproductive forms that show a higher balance between energy and information. Yet only the informative species, the dominant ‘arrow’ of future survives in each of the 3±1 horizons of increasing informative evolution, from Australopithecus with 500 c.c., into Homo Erectus with 1000 c.c. into Homo Sapiens with 1500 c.c.
And in all those phases, humans split into an energetic species and an informative one that recombined to create a 3rd species. Those species will further evolve technology also in 3 horizons called the upper, middle and lower Paleolithic. Finally, humans diversified in 3 races, specialized in Energy (white race) and information (Mongoloid) with a reproductive, black race, the last to be born, which mixes the pre-mongoloid (bushman) and white races. The constrain established by the fact there are only two elements, energy and information, to create reality, whose lineal and cyclical forms are invariant at scale, in all systems of the cosmos means the Universe imposes the same program of creation to all its species.From an initial ape species we find a ternary differentiation ±5 million years ago, into 3 sub-species of great apes that live in Africa:
— Max. E: Gorilla, a big, energetic species that reaches 200 kilos, with a square, huge jaw.
— E=i: The chimpanzee, with a smaller body and a bigger brain. According to the Black Hole law, the smallest organism evolves informatively. Thus, the ‘dwarf chimpanzee’, the Pan Paniscus, which today shows the highest learning skills among apes, was the species that seems to have evolved into a 3rd informative horizon of big apes. It is:
— Max. i: Australopithecus, which splits in 3 evolutionary ages of growing brain volume:
I Horizon: 500 cc.: From Australopithecus to Homo Erectus.
We have dated the oldest mandibles of Australopithecus Anamensis, the top predator of the 3 big ape species, in 4 million years. The Australopithecus, after reproducing massively in the savannah ecosystem that favours his bipedalism, suffers a new ternary mutation. The 3 descendants of that Australopithecus Afarensis that inhabited the Ethiopian plains around 3 million years ago, are:
— Max. E: The Paranthropus, an energetic species with huge mandibles and a lineal, planar brain. He looks like a heavy-set, humanoid gorilla. He was probably vegetarian. The first subspecies found is the Paranthropus Aethiopicus, which will further evolve into the stronger Paranthropus Robustus.
— E=i. The Australopithecus Africanus, which maintains the form of the original Australopithecus Afarensis, perhaps with inner improvements in his soft tissue. He lives in South Africa and is contemporary of the Paranthropus. And the . . .
— Max. i: Australopithecus Garthi. He is the informative species, with a bigger brain, which starts to acquire the shape of all informative species: a rounded forehead, as the sphere is the form which holds more information in lesser space.
Those 3 species live very close. Around the Turkana Lake we have found remains of the 3 Homos. Yet the arrow of future favors informative species. So the top predator Homo will be the Australopithecus Garthi that goes through a mature age of massive reproduction, probably extinguishing the other 2 subspecies and expanding worldwide into new ecological niches that favoured their genetic and memetic adaptation through a new, ternary split:
— Max. E: A regressing, energetic A. Garthi, similar but taller than its parental Australopithecus.
— E=i: Homos Habilis and Rudolfensis, with similar brain capacity to the original Garthi.
— Max. i. Homo Ergaster, an informative ape with a 1000 cc. brain, which doubles the brain capacity of Australopithecus.
II Horizon: 1000 cc. From Homo Erectus to Homo Sapiens..
That Homo Ergaster, after a massive age of reproduction and expansion throughout the planet, subdivides again in 3 sub-races of Homo Erectus.
— Max.E: Pithecanthropus, the oldest species similar to Homo Ergaster, found in Java.
— E=i: Homo Erectus proper, found in China, who grows in the informative dimension of height that favors perception from an advantage point of view, to 1.7 m. He has simple technology, a skull without forehead and thick bones that handicap further cranial evolution.
— Max. Ti: Homo Floresiensis, the smallish species, which according to the Black hole paradox should be the form who gave origin to Sapiens, as the smallish ‘pan paniscus’ evolved the chimp into the Homos. Recently discovered, he is a formal mutation with a smaller body, whose morphology resembles for the first time that of a human being. He has thinner bones that allow further growth and a higher forehead, the location of the creative part of the brain.
Palaeontologists also found the first advanced technological tools in his sites in Flores Island, which is an isolated place, the ideal region to foster further evolution, due to the lack of top predators (alopatric evolution). Thus, he ads now technological energy weapons that substitute body strength and define a single arrow of future for human evolution: information. His improvement in neurological form, probably caused first his rapid expansion thanks to his new technological tools and then a rapid growth in size through the cross-breeding with the taller Homo Erectus species, giving finally birth around 300.000 B.C., to a new energy/ information duality: The energetic, big Neanderthal and the informative Bushman, which will combine again to give birth to the different races. Those predictions based in the 3 arrows of future time and the black hole paradox (information is small and evolves in dwarf species) have been confirmed by genetic maps and Paleontology and await final confirmation, when new skulls of Floresiensis are found.
The 3rd, informative Horizon: Homo Sapiens, 1500 cc.
— The lineal, energetic, visual Homo Sapiens Neanderthal, with ±1500 cc.
— And a second informative pygmy strain, the 1st verbal woman, the mitochondrial eve, probably a bushman, also with ±1500 cc.
± 50.000 years ago she crossed into the Middle East, probably mating with earlier Neanderthals, giving origin to the visual, energetic white male (Homo Palestiniensis, whose skulls show mixed traits from both species).
± 35.000 y. ago, in the high Tibetan plains, she became the informative Mongoloid that colonized Asia, America and descended upon Europe and Africa, where she cross-bred with the capoid (bushman) and became the black man, the balanced E=i, reproductive race, completing the final, ternary differentiation of the main races of mankind.
Further on, as racial tribes evolved socially and emerged into cultural societies, which are super-organisms of history, the ternary, racial division of mankind between energetic white men, informative Mongoloid and vitalist blacks, will become the cultural differentiation of human beings in 3 type of brain orientations, and hence cultures orf the mind according to the 3 elements of all systems, energy, information and its reproductive combination; reflected in 3 types of brain morphology:
— ‘Visual, energetic, lineal, spatial cultures’, proper of the white man, with his concepts of lineal time and his passion for technological, energetic weapons. It is the dolicocephalic brain dominated by the visual, eye to occipucius axis, also dominant in neanderthals
— ‘Cyclical, informative, mongoloid cultures’, natural to Asian civilizations, with cyclical concepts of time. It is the brachicephalic, wide, verbal brain; dominant in the ear axis; hence giving birth to female, eusocial cultures like the Chinese.
— And ‘sensory, reproductive, colored cultures’, which in Africa and India developed human senses to their limits. It is dominannt in the height/medular axis with a ‘tall head’, peaking in the top/motor and sensorial area.
Which culture is better for the survival of mankind? Since survival is the goal of all species, reached in the age of balance, E=i, we should promote, paradoxically, the culture that our technological civilization discriminates: the black, reproductive, sensory culture . . .
Thus, the Laws of Evolution and its 3±1 ages and subspecies, map out the main species of Homo, till arriving to 2 Homo Sapiens, the spatial, visual=longer, dolicocephalic, energetic brain of the Neanderthal, which seems to have lived in Europe and left some of his traits in the Homo Palestiniensis, on the slow-crossing border of Canaan. Further cross-breeding of the Palestiniensis with the Sapiens is the likely origin of the white man (white skin, red hair, Rh-?, consonantal languages, wide hips, prominent nose)
While the informative Homo Sapiens Sapiens, the verbal=wider brachicephalic brain, which started as a small ‘San pygmy’, evolved into the self-similar mongoloid race. Finally, the black race, with tall brains are the sensorial culture, the reproductive species, the last one to appear, shows the maximal genetic mixture.
In the same manner, we talk also of gender duality in terms of an energetic species, the lineal male of big muscles, spatial size and visual brain; and the woman, the informative, reproductive species, who would understand the cycles of birth of plants and evolve mankind from the energetic, hunting Paleolithic into the Neolithic, the mature age of History, with its understanding of the arrow of reproduction of the Universe (cult to the goddesses) and its harmonic cults to Nature. It is on my view, the ideal age of mankind, which bio-historians could re-create on Earth by pruning the tree of Technology of all its bad fruits and enhance the fruits of the Tree of Life with environmental policies, under a global, single Social Organism of History, the World Union (ch.13). Since once a species has reached its informative zenith or 3rd age, the only way it can further evolve is by becoming a macro-organism, joined by a common network of information. So men did evolve further beyond the Homo Sapiens, through the 4th arrow of time, the arrow of love and social evolution that mechanist science denies and verbal, social religions of love impose on their believers.
On the Earth, there are today 3 types of social organisms:
— The first to appear, Nature, Gaia, was based in carbon-life.
— Then History appeared, based in human life.
— Finally, the economic ecosystem based in metal and machines, appeared.
Since those 3 organic systems and species have been dominant in 3 different ages of the Earth, we talk of the evolution or terraforming of the Life-Earth or Nature into the Human-Earth or History that now becomes the Metal-Earth, the Economic Ecosystem. The youth of History was still ‘Nature’. Life dominated the Paleolithic. Then men reached their zenith of social evolution in the Neolithic. Now men devolve back into single, selfish individual, Homo Bacteria, due to the use of machines and weapons that isolate them, in a process equivalent to the process of death that dissolves the networks of a being back into its simplest cellular components.
8. Complex Theology and emergence.
In the graph, we can see how Man achieved the greatness of eusocial evolution till we ended our worship of the organic Earth and man, the best of its organisms, as the measure of all things, and made the machine and money, the memes of metal, the measure of all entities of the Universe (mechanist science) and all humans (capitalism that buy as for a salary)
Then we started the evolution of ‘other super-organism, the economic ecosystem’ studied in other webs with the same laws of general systems sciences.
And so now we apply the arrow of eusocial evolution to the machine and gather in huge groups as CERN does to study machine data, and give machines all the energy they need while 1 billion humans suffer hunger.
But in the past, with the language of mankind, ethic wor(l)ds Jesus to Buddha, Islam and the socialist prophets – all of them now corrupted by inquisitions of war and go(l)d churches, that use memes of metal, weapons and gold to impose their beleifs – when they were pure religions of love, they built global superorganisms, religious cultures, in which the DNA-code of all human heads, were the wor(l)ds of revelation of their prophets.
In this planet it seems, we humans will be substituted by those machines, now evolving into new organisms, robots, or by any of their lethal products, now essayed at CERN. But there will be other fractal planets in the infinite Universe, in which men will listen to those seers of time, obey the laws of God and survive into eternity, creating a world made to our image and likeness. In those worlds the human God=super-organism of history will exist and acquire emerging according to the laws of Complex Theology into exi=stence. And those who believe in him will not die for ever.
The study of the phenomenon of creation from cellular beings of a whole organism, whose existence is independent of those cells, which is more than its parts is another basic branch of Systems Sciences and Complexity, called Emergence. And so latter, at the end of this post we shall return to those metaphysical questions once we understand some basic notions of complexity and the mathematical design of reality as a ‘fractal’ of self-similar, hierarchical scales, in which the whole, the organism, the subconscious collective God, the nation or the Galaxy masterminded by its central black hole, controls the destiny of its parts, the cells, the believers, the citizens, the stars and planets, which the black hole ‘positions’ with its invisible flows of gravitation. Yet I will tell you so far, ‘yes’, Allah exists supported by the minds of its believers, so does Yvwh, supported by the mind of the Jewish& protestant people, and Christ, supported by those who believe in the Gospel. In the same manner America exists, supported by the geographical structure and citizens that believe on it, and the galaxy exists controlled by the flows of invisible gravitational information of the galaxy.
It doesn’t matter that we see or dont see those flows, as long as we see the effects. This never occurred to physicists. Why they believe in gravitation if we cannot see it? Because we see how bodies come closer through its in/formative, attractive force. Why believers know God exists even if they cannot see it? Because they see that attractive power, assabiyah, in Ibn Khaldun terms, the communion of souls in the mystique of Saint Agustine, which brings together the souls/knots of information of their believers, pegging them through the mystique experience, which creates and sustains with their minds the collective God. Or if you want a concrete example. In the same manner than when cyclical flows of electricity create in the center a flow of magnetism that didn’t exist before, in the mystique wheels of religions, the dances of the Indian shamans, the wheel of Buddhism, the Wheel of the Kaaba, as described by the believers we can see the creation of the subconscious God, they support. The kaaba is not a rock as western islamophobians pretend of a primitive group of idolatric people. The mystique suffies said that when the believers feel the communion with God, turning around the kaaba, in the central empty space between the 4 columns covered by the black drape, there God ascends as a column of light. We don’t see that force or assabiyah that pegs together the souls of the muslim believers or the Christians, but we know it exists because their cells believe and are moved by them, and act even die for the higher superorganism. And this is the process of emergence that now thanks to our advances in fractal, non-euclidean mathematics, explained latter in more detail, we know to be certain: the believers, the electrons, the stars have created a new ‘plane of Non-Euclidean existence’ (jargon of buddhism and modern Non-Euclidean mathematics), a new fractal scale of reality, a new ‘Brane’. But that is only the beginning. The next question is to know the relationships between that plane and its inferior cells/souls/knots of fractal information, the minds of those believers. Can they also transcend and be saved? Do the bosonic effects that we observe in matter and peg together the different atoms into a bose-condensate apply to the mystique assabiyah?
Do not ask though a scientist about a Human subconscious collective God, because most likely he will not feel its presence, as they wont carry its DNA code. Since to create a superorganism and be part of it, you must first believe in their existence. If you are not a believer, you are not part of a superorganism of History, and you cannot save it. You do not belong to it.
Now, think with those basic concepts of complex theology on the metaphoric meaning of sentences like ‘Gifted those who without seeing believe because to them belong the kingdom of heavens’ (Intelligent are those who without seeing God believe in him, because they will emerge into a new plane of existence), ‘Christ is the word of god’ (Koran), ‘And God became the word and inhabitted among us’ Saint John). Since the word is the informative, nervous system that joins the human cells into the subconscious collective. ‘Sangris Martire semen christianorum’. Or in the ‘mystery of the Saint Trinity: God, the upper, emergent plane of existence communicates through the Saint Spirit, the sacred word with the son of God, the prophet’. And so on and so on…
In the more complex books and texts of complexity it can be mathematically and logically proved that indeed, the Universe is a fractal of multiple ‘scales’ of superorganisms, and while we do not observe ‘as a single organism’ bigger forms than ourselves, they might exist in those other scales (since we do not see the flows of ‘invisible information’ that joins them, as we do not see gravitational information that joins together the organic systems of galaxies, only its energetic networks). This theme is fascinating as all the sacred texts of both, the western and eastern tradition can be enlightened further and its parables explained with the tools of Complex Theology.
9. Fractal Philosophy.
In that sense, even more beautiful that the findings on the spiritual, eternal Universe of perpetual motions is the realization that the Universe is infinite in scales, obtained precisely from that equation which shows that… every 10 relative scales of fractal spacetime, a structure repeats the same in/form/ations, the same forms. Since the nucleus of an atom is self-similar to the black hole nucleus of a galaxy. So Black holes become hadrons of the bigger cosmological scale made of infinite quarks, and protons become ‘black holes’ of the lower, quantum scales… once we translate the jargon of quantum physics to the jargon of Gravitation, as Einstein wanted, not the other way around as quantum physicists have tried unsuccesfully for 100 years.
This means that the Universe is either limited between those two final scales or if each atom is a galaxy and each galaxy an atom (as Einstein and Walker thought when modeling the Universe with Relativity, considering each galaxy as a Hydrogen atom), is infinite in size, and in each of us, there is an entire number of infinite Universes.
And this is possible because now points have inner parts that when observed in detail grow in a fully relative Universe, ‘where the smallest point must be perceived as an entire world’ (Leibniz).
Since space-time is broken, fractal, made of infinite self-similar networks and organisms. It means there are many self-similar space-times, many self-similar planets, in which humans exist. Yet none of them are equal, because in fractal theory all is self-similar but nothing is absolutely equal.
In physics it solves also the puzzles of quantum physicists. For example, it means that an electron is not a sum of probable electrons in different Universes, but a sum of self-similar fractal parts, which can be described as populations of ‘cellular electrons’, with the same probabilistic equations that quantum theory. Any mathematician knows that probabilities are used to explain probable events in time, and percentages of populations in space. In other words, in advanced fractal physics we merely switch the quantum description from time to space, hence a galaxy is a fractal of self-similar stars, which have self-similar planets, with self-similar human races.
And this realization is the beginning of Fractal Logic, which coupled with the understanding of Non-Euclidean mathematics defines the ‘Grand Design of the Universe’, which is deterministic not probabilistic, albeit written with a logic more complex than that of the physicist and the present man. A logic, organic design that all its species follow, even if they don’t know it…
But of course, space is the easiest part to understand of the new Age of mathematics and logic that we are finding. The key to everything is the logic of fractal space, which requires to break also time into infinite clocks, one for each cycle of reality that closes in itself. Which again means that as Einstein said, ‘there are infinite clocks of time’, and so infinite time speeds, and each of those vortices of mass, each of those charge vortices is a clock of time, which carries a frequency of information in the intelligent Universe. Imagine that: you exist in an eternal, intelligent, moving Universe, where all is gauging information, feeding on energy, turning into patterns of form, ticking. And further on, the smallest you are, the faster you tick, the faster the methabolism of the rat is, the faster the electron turns. And this is the key of the harmony of all planes of reality. An ant lives 7 years but it processes information 10 times faster than a man, so in subjective time it lives 70 years. An atom is billions of times faster than a galaxy, but billions of time smaller. And so the previously quoted equation of Einstein:
Energy/Motion/Space x Time/Information = Konstant… Max. E x Min. T = Min. E x Max. T
means that when we change from scale, what we loose in size we gain in speed of time, and in total we exist the same quantity. Like in the book ‘the shrinking man’, if we were becoming smaller we would merely change our perception of time that would adapt to the new plane. And so the life of an ant might be as profound and rich in meaning as the life of a human being. And that is what connects the “Mind of the Universe’ to the classic myths of Eastern religions that studied them. Indeed, the Great Zimmer tells us in his ‘Myths of the India’, how Vishnu tells Indra, king of kings not to be so arrogant: he suddenly looks at the floor and sees a group of ants and Indra asks the Vishnu child, what are you looking at? Im looking to a group of Indras walking in a queue and crashes them..
Marvel, wonder and fear the Grand Design, which is the Tree of Life, Vishnu, Yin, the Lord of Information, not the dark side of Shiva, Yang, Lord of death and energy that kills it, adored at CERN. Because black holes and strangelets will also behave as organisms, organic bombs that will feed and convert our matter into themselves.
Complex Science goes much further than this in its understanding of the meaning of God. As it represents a veritable theory of Unification of Religious thought.
It brings back the old Platonic concept that “This world is a living, being composed of a mind and a body.” And it brings back a rational explanation to the mystique concepts of Christianity (Orestes, Tertulianus, Saint Agustine), Islam (Sufies, Ibn Khaldun) and Buddhism (tipitaka)
It shows ultimately that the ‘language of religion’ is a human jargon to express the natural arrow of Eusocial Evolution that all species follow; and the goal of mankind should be to create a super-organism of History ruled by the laws of eusocial love (to share energy and information among all human cells).
Since in history those arrows are expressed by the different religions and ethic mandates.
For example, Genesis, the key book of the old testament (before it became corrupted by the memes of gold, after the golden calf episode) says: ‘Grow (feed on energy and information) and multiply (reproduce)’ while the new testament completes the message, with the more complex arrow of eusocial love (‘love each other as i have loved you’.
Ah well. So now we are here… Turns out that Genesis and Gospel did know the equation of God better than CERN (-:
But since we have denied the equation of God, the function of existence, and its balances of life in search of the pure forms of energy mass and its imbalances of death… Che sera sera.